Michael Skakel, obsojen zaradi umora leta 1975 v Greenwichu

Michael Skakel, obsojen zaradi umora leta 1975 v Greenwichu


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7. junija 2002 je 41-letni Michael Skakel obsojen zaradi umora svoje nekdanje sosede iz Greenwicha v Connecticutu, 15-letne Marthe Moxley. Skakel, nečak Ethel Kennedy, žene pokojnega ameriškega senatorja Roberta Kennedyja, je bil kasneje obsojen na 20 let dosmrtnega zapora.

30. oktobra 1975 so Moxleyja do smrti prebili z golfskim palico pred družinskim domom v Greenwichu, eni najbogatejših ameriških skupnosti. Kasneje je bilo ugotovljeno, da je palica za golf prišla iz kompleta družine Skakel, ki je živela nasproti Moxleyjevih. Preiskovalci so se sprva osredotočili na enega od starejših bratov Michaela Skakela, zadnjo osebo, s katero je bil Moxley viden živega, pa tudi na Skakelsovega poučevalca kot možnega osumljenca, a aretacije zaradi pomanjkanja dokazov niso ustavili, primer pa se je ustavil .

V začetku devetdesetih let so oblasti v Connecticutu ponovno začele preiskavo, javni interes za primer pa je ponovno vzbudilo več novih knjig, med drugim Dominick Dunne "A Season in Purgatory" (1993), izmišljen opis zločina in nekdanja policija v Los Angelesu detektiva Marka Fuhrmana "A Murder in Greenwich" (1998), v katerem je trdil, da je Michael Skakel ubil Moxleyja v ljubosumnem besu, ker se je romantično zanimala za njegovega starejšega brata. Leta 2000, delno na podlagi izjav nekdanjih sošolcev Skakelove, ki so trdili, da jim je v sedemdesetih letih priznal, da je ubil Moxley, je bil obtožen njenega umora.

Skakel, ki je izhajal iz družine sedmih otrok, je imel bogato, privilegirano vzgojo; vendar je njegova mama leta 1973 umrla za rakom in imel je težaven odnos z očetom. Konec sedemdesetih let je bil Skakel, ki je že kot najstnik začel močno piti, poslan v šolo Elan, zasebni internat na Poljskem, Maine, za problematično mladino. Na sojenju Skakelu leta 2002 je tožilstvo predstavilo pričevanje več njegovih nekdanjih sošolcev iz Elana, ki so navedli, da je Skakel v sedemdesetih letih priznal umor Moxleyja. Eden od sošolcev, odvisnik od drog, ki je umrl tik pred začetkom sojenja leta 2002, je na prejšnji obravnavi na sodišču trdil, da mu je Skakel rekel: "Umoril se bom, ker sem Kennedy."

Na sojenju so tožilci, ki niso imeli očividcev in niso imeli fizičnih dokazov, ki bi neposredno povezovali Skakela z umorom, leta 1997 posneli pogovor med Skakelom in piscem duhov avtobiografije, ki jo je Skakel upal prodati. Skakel je na posnetku dejal, da je v noči na umor splezal na drevo na dvorišču Moxleyjevih, medtem ko je bil pijan in užival marihuano, in masturbiral, ko je poskušal pogledati v okno spalnice Marthe Moxley. Rekel je, da ko je Moxleyjeva mama naslednje jutro prišla k njemu domov in iskala svojo hčer, se je počutil panično in se spraševal, ali ga je kdo videl prejšnjo noč. Čeprav Skakel na posnetku nikoli ni priznal umora Moxleyja, so tožilci dejali, da so ga njegove besede postavile na kraj zločina in da so poskušale prikriti umor.

Po treh dneh razpravljanja so porotniki ugotovili, da je Skakel kriv za umor, avgusta 2002 pa je bil za rešetkami obsojen na 20 let dosmrtne kazni. Skakeljev bratranec, odvetnik Robert Kennedy Jr., si je pozneje prizadeval, da bi Skakel dobil novo sojenje; vendar je leta 2010 vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu zahtevo zavrnilo.

Oktobra 2013 je sodnik iz Connecticuta v novem obratu primera odredil novo sojenje Skakelu in odločil, da ga njegov prvi odvetniški zagovornik ne zastopa učinkovito. Naslednji mesec je bil Skakel iz zapora izpuščen za 1,2 milijona dolarjev obveznice. Leta 2018 je vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu razveljavilo obsodbo Skakelovega umora.


Skakel je bil obsojen leta 1975 in premagal smrt soseda Greenwicha

NORWALK, Združene države Amerike, 7. junija & amp#0151 Porota je danes obsodila Michaela C. Skakela zaradi umora leta 1975, ko je odkrila smrt Marthe Moxley, pri čemer je za zaključek uporabila več kot četrt stoletja posrednih dokazov, obtožujočih izjav in napačnega vedenja. da je ubil gospodično Moxley, svojega prijatelja in soseda, ko sta bili stari komaj 15 let.

Današnja sodba po tri tednu in pol tedenskem sojenju, v katerem ni bilo neposrednih fizičnih dokazov, je omamno zaključila skoraj 27-letno sago o umoru Moxleyja, ki je bila ena najbolj senzacionalnih skrivnosti umorov na severovzhodu, obkrožen z vrtinčenjem bogastva in slavnih. 41 -letnemu Skakelu, ki je nečak Ethel Kennedy, grozi obsodba do dosmrtnega zapora.

Porota na višjem državnem sodišču je objavila, da je razsodila malo po 10.30 uri, kmalu po začetku četrtega dne posvetovanj. G. Skakel je bil videti osupel, ko je delovodja izrekel sodbo v nabito polni tihi sodni dvorani. Stal je pri obrambni mizi z zardelim obrazom in stisnjenimi ustnicami. Njegov odvetnik Michael Sherman je dal roko gospodu Skakelu na ramo.

Ko je uradnik anketiral vsakega porotnika posebej, sta se mati žrtev, Dorthy Moxley in njen sin John, stisnila v svoje sedeže v prvi vrsti in jokala, solze pa so jim tekle mimo njunega osupljivega nasmeha.

Nekaj ​​trenutkov kasneje je sodnik John F. Kavanewsky Jr., ki je vodil sojenje, ukazal g. Skakelu, da nosi lisice. Brat David Skakel je posegel po njem, a ga je sodni maršal potisnil nazaj.

Kazen je bila izrečena za 16. julij, gospod Skakel, ki mu je bila umaknjena varščina, pa je bil odpeljan v popravni center Bridgeport.

Zunaj sodišča se je gospa Moxley soočila z velikim taboriščem novinarjev in televizijskih ekip. Skozi solze je gospa Moxley povedala, da je molila pred sodiščem. & quotMoja molitev se je začela: 'Dragi Gospod, danes sem spet, tako kot sem to delal 27 let, molil, da bi lahko našel pravičnost za Marto. Veste, da je bila vsa ta stvar povezana z Martho. ' & quot Dodala je: & quot; To je dan Marthe 's. To je resnično dan Marte in#x27. & Quot

Za njo, na steni sodišča, je nekdo objavil napis: & quotJastiko končno. & Quot

John Moxley, brat Marthe in#x27, je rekel: & quotVictory temu ne gre. To je votlo. Martha ne prinaša nazaj. & Quot Glede tega, za katero upanje je upal, da bo dobil gospod Skakel, je gospod Moxley dejal: "To smo preživeli že 27 let, zato bi rad na tem gradil in šel gor."

Za gospoda Skakela je dejal tudi: "Njegovo življenje je že 27 let pekel. Jasno je, da ga je zavest o krivdi spremljala povsod. Morda bo zdaj morda začel iskati drugo plat tega. & Quot

Odvetnik gospoda Skakel, Michael Sherman, je dejal, da je zelo razočaran in se bo na sodbo pritožil. "Povedal vam bom le, da tega še ni konec," je rekel. & quotI 'm ni grenak. Odločen sem 'm. Verjamem v Michaela Skakela. Verjamem Michael Skakel. Kot sem že rekel, tega ni storil. Nima pojma, kdo je. Tam ga ni bilo. Nikoli ni priznal. Takrat sem mislil resno. Mislim zdaj. In to bom mislil v naslednjih šestih mesecih do treh letih ali kar koli, kar je potrebno, da ga izvleče iz pripora. In zgodilo se bo. To se bo zgodilo. & Quot

Brat gospoda Skakela David je rekel: "Kratkega življenja Marte in načina njene smrti nikoli ne smemo pozabiti. Za našo družino je žalovanje sovpadalo z obtožbami. Michael je nedolžen. To vem, ker Michaela poznam tako kot le brat. Naša družina je pod velikim nadzorom že več kot 27 let. Vsi se tako dobro poznamo in vsi stojimo za bratom Michaelom. Ne iz zvestobe, ampak iz intimnega razumevanja. Morda boste tej tragediji želeli dokončnost, naša družina pa si želi enako kot kdorkoli. Resnica pa je pomembnejša od zaprtja. & Quot

Primer je v Connecticutu postavil številne pravne primere in sprožil nekaj izjemno zapletenih vprašanj o mladoletniškem pravosodju: kako poskusiti in potencialno kaznovati 41-letnega moškega za zločin, storjen v otroštvu. G. Skakel je bil sprva obtožen kot mladoletnik, vendar so zadevo prenesli na višje sodišče, kjer so mu sodili kot polnoletni. Obsodba na sodišču za mladoletnike bi pomenila malo ali nič zapora.

Porotniki so bili prisiljeni pretehtati obremenitev tožilstva s posrednimi dokazi, vključno s številnimi priznanji, ki jih je sporočil gospod Skakel, ob stalnih opomnih obrambe, da proti njemu ni fizičnih dokazov in da so se preiskovalci že dolgo osredotočali na dva nekdanja osumljenca: Thomas Skakel, starejši brat obtoženca, in Kenneth W. Littleton, učitelj v družini Skakel.

Na koncu pa so tožilci sestavili dovolj uganke, da so porotniki postavili gospoda Skakela na kraj zločina in mu dali tako motiv kot priložnost. Dokazi so pokazali, da je imel neuzvračene občutke do gospodične Moxley in da je imel dostop do palice za golf, ki je bila uporabljena kot orožje za umor. To, da preiskovalci niso odkrili krvavih prstnih odtisov ali sledi semena, ga porotniki niso razglasili za krivega.

Daleč najbolj škodljivi dokazi proti gospodu Skakelu so prišli iz njegovih ust: posneti pogovor leta 1997 s piscem duhov avtobiografije, ki jo je gospod Skakel upal napisati. Na posnetku se je opisal kot pijanega, z visoko vsebnostjo marihuane in spolno vzburjenega v noči na umor, in dejal, da se je povzpel na drevo na dvorišču Moxley, kjer je masturbiral in poskušal pokukati v spalnico Marthe Moxley.

Današnja sodba, sestavljena iz šestih moških in šestih žensk, poroča skoraj 27-letno sago o enem najbolj senzacionalnih zločinov v Connecticutu: skrivnost umora, postavljena v eno najbolj ekskluzivnih in bogatih sosesk v eni od držav. najbolj ekskluzivna in bogata mesta#x27, ki vključujejo sorodnike družine Kennedy, najbolj zgodovinsko in problematično politično dinastijo v državi.

Vrtinec bogastva in slavnih, ki so obkrožali primer, je sprožil številne televizijske oddaje in vsaj tri knjige, vključno z "Querter Murder in Greenwich", ki jo je napisal Mark Fuhrman, nekdanji detektiv iz Los Angelesa, znan po svoji vlogi v zadevi O. J. Simpson. Državna pozornost se je ves čas sojenja nadaljevala z množico fotografov in televizijskih ekip, ki so se utaborile na parkirišču sodišča.

Odvetniki na obeh straneh so se soočali s težkim bremenom pri obravnavi tako starega primera. Pred začetkom sojenja so umrle najmanj tri pomembne priče. Pričo iz prejšnjih postopkov ene pokojne priče, Gregory Coleman, nekdanjega sošolca gospoda Skakel 's v šoli za mladostnike v težavah v Maineu, so prebrali poroti, kar je sprožilo pritožbe obrambe, da ne more navzkrižno zaslišati mrtvec.

Toda žive priče so predstavljale tudi izzive. Na obeh straneh se mnogi niso mogli več jasno spomniti dogodkov iz oktobra 1975. Kar nekaj prič je bilo nekdanjih študentov Elana, šole za problematično mladino v Maineu, in so nadaljevali s težavami v odrasli dobi. Eno, Dorothy Rogers, so pripeljali k pričanju iz zapora v Severni Karolini, kjer prestaja kazen zaradi obtožb v zvezi s pijanostjo.

Gospa Rogers je pričala, da je kot najstnica v Greenwichu požgala svoje starše. Dokazi so pokazali, da je gospod Littleton nekoč poskusil samomor, tako da je šel v ocean in čakal, da ga morski psi pojedo. G. Littleton je tudi pričal, da ga je policija Floride nekoč aretirala zaradi pijanosti in se označil za & quotKenny Kennedy, črno ovco družine Kennedy. & Quot

G. Skakel, zdaj ločen oče enega otroka, je bil aretiran in obtožen januarja 2000. Potem, ko se je v sedemdesetih in dvajsetih letih prejšnjega stoletja spopadel s številnimi slepimi ulicami, je preiskava zašla v osemdesetih in osemdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja, oživila pa ga je država Bridgeport. odvetniška pisarna leta 1991. Dolga leta je bila gonilna sila Dorthy Moxley, mati žrtve, ki ni nikoli prenehala vztrajati pri pravičnosti svoje hčerke.

Martha Moxley, ljubka, priljubljena, spogledljiva najstnica, je bila 30. oktobra 1975. divjaško premetana z palico za golf zunaj njenega družinskega doma v odseku Belle Haven v Greenwichu. kot noč hudomušnosti, priložnost, ko so se najstniki po vsej soseski ukvarjali z grozljivim bedakom, škropili smetano za britje in metali jajca in toaletni papir.

Strokovnjaki za forenziko so pričali, da je bila gospodična Moxley onemogočena z enim samim udarcem palice za golf & amp#0151 s šestimi likalniki Toney Penna iz kompleta, ki je pripadal materi gospoda Skakela. Toda potem je bila udarjena s tako silo, da se je jeklena palica razbila na tri kose, glava palice in del gredi pa sta letela več kot 100 čevljev stran. Morilec je nato z drugim kosom gredi zabodel gospodično Moxley skozi vrat.

Njeno telo so nato vlekli za več kot 80 čevljev pod ogromen borovček, kjer so jo naslednji dan našli ležečo obrnjeno navzdol s kavbojkami in spodnjim perilom, spuščenim okoli gležnjev, z nogami in s krvjo obarvano modro in rumeno srajco . Ko se tisto noč ni vrnila domov, je njena mama začela klicati prijatelje in sosede, tudi Skakelove, ki so živeli tik ob cesti.

Naslednje jutro je gospa Moxley, ki je še vedno iskala svojo hčerko, potrkala na vrata doma Skakel. Odgovoril mu je Michael Skakel. V posnetem pogovoru s piscem duhov, Richardom Hoffmanom, je gospod Skakel dejal, da ga je panika ob pogledu na gospo Moxley. & "Prebudil sem se, ko je gospa Moxley rekla:" Michael, ali si videl Martho? "'

"In bil sem še vedno visoko od prejšnje noči, malo pijan," je gospod Skakel nadaljeval s posnetkom. & quot; Bil sem kot: "O moj bog, ali so me videli sinoči?" videl, kako masturbira, a ali ga je kdo videl, kako je zamahnil z palico za golf in ubil svojega prijatelja.


Časovni okvir primera proti umoru Michaela Skakela leta 1975

Tožilci so v petek sporočili, da ne iščejo novega sojenja za umor Michaela Skakela, nečaka vdove Roberta F. Kennedyja, Ethel Kennedy. Tu je časovni načrt ključnih dogodkov v zadevi:

- 30. oktober 1975: Najstnico Greenwicha Martho Moxley do smrti pretepejo z palico za golf, kasneje pa sledijo kompletu v lasti pokojne matere Michaela Skakela. Moxleyjevo pretrgano telo naslednji dan najdejo pod drevesom na posestvu njene družine. Primer ni rešen 25 let in je predmet več knjig.

-17. junij 1998: Tožilci napovedujejo, da je za preiskavo umora imenovana ena porotna sodnica.

- 18. januar 2000: Izdan nalog za prijetje.

- 19. januar 2000: Skakel se preda policiji. Obtožen je kot mladoletnik, ker je bil v času umora star 15 let.

- 14. marec 2000: Skakel je obtožen. Na sodišču se približa žrtvini materi in ji reče: "Imate napačnega fanta."

- 19. april 2001: Gregory Coleman, ki je v sedemdesetih letih skupaj s Skakelom obiskoval center za zdravljenje odvisnosti od drog, priznava, da je imel veliko priča o heroinu, ko je pričal pred veliko poroto, vendar ostaja pri svojem pričanju, da je Skakel rekel, da se bo umoril, ker Jaz sem Kennedy. "

- 7. junij 2002: Skakel je na višjem sodišču v Norwalku obsodil senat 12 porotnikov. Dva meseca kasneje je obsojen na 20 let dosmrtnega zapora.

- 26. avgust 2004: Skakel išče novo sojenje na podlagi trditve Gitana "Tonyja" Bryanta, ki vključuje dva moška v umor.

- 12. april 2010: Vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu zavrne Skakelovo ponudbo za novo sojenje in odloči, da zahtevek, ki vključuje dva druga moža, ni verodostojen.

-27. september 2010: Skakel vloži novo pritožbo zaradi obsodbe za umor, tokrat pa trdi, da je njegov odmevni odvetnik Michael Sherman nesposoben.

- 24. oktober 2012: Državni pogojni zapor zanika njegovo prošnjo za svobodo in mu pove, da bi ga lahko v petih letih ponovno izpustili.

- 25. april 2013: Skakel, ki na svojem sojenju ni pričal, zagovarja svojo pritožbo in trdi, da je Sherman slabo opravil svoje delo. Rekel je, da je Sherman fotografiral sodnika in poroto s fotoaparatom in mu dal podpis avtograma. "Bil sem navdušen nad nepremišljenim odnosom," je dejal Skakel.

- 23. oktober 2013: Sodnik iz Connecticuta odobri novo sojenje Skakelu in odloči, da ga njegov odvetnik ni zastopal, ko je bil leta 2002 obsojen.

- 21. november 2013: Skakelu je odobrena varščina, ker se tožilci pritožujejo na odločitev o novem sojenju. Skakel položi 1,2 milijona dolarjev varščine in je do pritožbe osvobojen.

- 30. december 2016: Razdeljeno vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu obnovi obsodbo Skakela. V odločbi 4-3 zavrača sodbo nižjega sodišča, da ga njegov odvetnik na sodišču ni ustrezno zastopal. Skakel, takrat 56 -letni, se sooča z morebitno vrnitvijo v zapor.

-9. januar 2017: Odvetniki za družbo Skakel od vrhovnega sodišča v Connecticutu zahtevajo, da ponovno razmisli o svoji odločitvi, da obnovi obsodbo za umor-zahtevo, ki zadevi doda še en obrat, ker je sodnik, ki je napisal 4-3 večinsko sodbo, zapustil sodišče.

- 22. februar 2018: Vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu zavrne zahtevo tožilcev za preklic Skakelove varščine in vrnitev v zapor.

-4. maj 2018: Vrhovno sodišče v Connecticutu razveljavi obsodbo Skakela za umor 4-3 in odredi novo sojenje, češ da zagovornik Michael Sherman ni predložil dokazov o alibiju.

- 7. januar 2019: Vrhovno sodišče ZDA noče obravnavati primera in pusti v veljavi odločbo, ki je razveljavila obsodbo za umor.

- 30. oktober 2020: Tožilci napovedujejo, da ne bodo zahtevali drugega sojenja Skakelu zaradi obtožbe za umor.


Michael Skakel: Brat, Thomas, je lagal o Moxleyju

1 od 39 Na tem dokumentu, 24. oktobra 2012, Michael Skakel posluša med pogojno obravnavo na popravnem zavodu McDougall-Walker v Suffieldu v zvezni državi Conn. Trditev sestrične Kennedyja, da je njegov sodni zagovornik slabo opravil svoje delo, bi bilo treba izpostaviti v prejšnji pritožbi in da so bila številna vprašanja, ki jih navaja, predhodno zavrnjena, 13. februarja 2013. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill, Pool, File) Jessica Hill /Associated Press Prikaži več Prikaži manj

2 od 39 Thomas Skakel, starejši brat Michaela Skakela, je med sojenjem Michaelovega umora leta 2002. zapustil sodišče v Norwalku. Pred obtožbo Michaela je Thomas veljal za glavnega osumljenca za umor Marthe Moxley leta 1975. Thomas, ki je bil ob njeni smrti 17 let, je bil zadnja oseba, ki je bila videna z Moxleyjem v noči, ko je bila umorjena. Mel Greer/GT Prikaži več Prikaži manj

4 od 39 Martha Moxley, prikazana na tej fotografiji brez datuma, je bila najdena do smrti z palico za golf na posestvu njene družine v Greenwichu, Conn leta 1975. Njen sosed Michael Skakel je bil obsojen 7. junija 2002 za umor leta 1975 in služi. zaporna kazen 20 let na dosmrtno. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

5 od 39 Michael Skakel, desno, in odvetnica Hope Seeley, levo, med obravnavo na državnem vrhovnem sodišču v Stamfordu, Conn., V ponedeljek, 23. aprila 2007, da bi ugotovili, ali lahko Michael Skakel dobi novo sojenje v svoji obsodbi za leto 2002. 1975 umor Marthe Moxley v Greenwichu, Združene države/Fotografija osebja Chris Preovolos/datoteka datoteke/Chris Preovolos Prikaži več Prikaži manj

7 od 39 Sodnik vrhovnega sodišča zvezne države Connecticut Richard Palmer, na sredini, sprašuje odvetnike na vrhovnem sodišču v Connecticutu v Hartfordu, Conn., Četrtek, 26. marec 2009, ko sodišče posluša argumente, zakaj bi morali obsoditi Michaela Skakela zaradi obtožb umora leta 1975 je umrla 15-letna Martha Moxley v Greenwichu, Conn. Levo so: sodnik Peter Zarella, Palmer, sodnik Joette Katz, ki je predsedoval. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

8 od 39 Michael Skakel vstopi v sodno hišo Norwalk s svojim odvetnikom Michaelom Shermanom. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

10 od 39 Ker si Michael Skakel, v času napetega pričevanja, pokriva obraz, zagovornik Hubert Santos avtorja Lena Levitta sprašuje o knjigi, ki jo je Levitt napisal o umoru Moxleyja. Ukrepi na sojenju Skakelu. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

11 od 39 Michael Skakel si obriše solze z oči, ko Cliff Grubin v torek, 24. aprila 2007, nastopi na stoju za priče na višjem sodišču v Stamfordu v Stamfordu, Conn. , Conka Skakel je obiskoval popravno šolo, kjer je spoznal Grubina. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

13 od 39 Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., se je pogovarjal z novinarji, potem ko je v torek, 17. aprila 2007, pričal na zaslišanju za svojega bratranca Michaela Skakela na Stamfordu v zvezni državi Vrhovno sodišče. Michael Skakel, ki je bil leta 2002 obsojen zaradi zaradi umora Marthe Moxley leta 1975 išče novo sojenje. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

14 od 39 bratranca Kennedyja Michaela Skakela, obsojenega za umor Marthe Moxley, je bil nekoč odmeven zapornik na popravnem zavodu Garner v Newtownu, CT. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

16 od 39 Dorthy in John Moxley sta skupaj podala izjavo po obsodilni sodbi v procesu umora Marthe Moxley. "Ta dan je za Marto," je dejala Dorthy, potem ko je 27 let čakala na to sodbo. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

17 od 39 Michael Sherman nagovarja medije po obsodilni sodbi na umoru Marthe Moxley. Za njim sta David Skakel na levi in ​​Steven Skakel na desni dva brata Michaela Skakela. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

19 od 39 Kris Steele med sojenjem hodi po stopnicah sodišča z Michaelom Skakelom. Telovadnik Steele Skakel med sojenjem. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

20 od 39 Avtor in poročevalec Vanity Fairja Dominick Dunne zapusti sodno hišo med odmorom za kosilo prvi dan izbora porote. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

22 od 39 Dorthy Moxley (desno) in njen sin John Moxley, ki sta po današnjem sodnem zasedanju na sojenju Skakel/Moxley nagovorila novinarje. Mel Greer/GT Prikaži več Prikaži manj

23 od 39 Dorthy Moxley, levo, se nasmehne, ko odgovarja na vprašanja, takoj ko je bil Michael Skakel spoznan za krivega za umor Moxleyjeve hčere, Marthe. Na desni je Moxleyjev sin John Moxley. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

25 od 39 Dorthy Moxley, desno, se rokuje z odvetnikom tik preden se je zadnjič odpeljal z višjega sodišča v Norwalku, potem ko so Michaela Skakela pred 27 leti v Greenwichu odkrili, da je umorjen Moxleyjeve hčere, Marthe Moxley. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

26 od 39 Michael Skakel, na sredini, med popoldanskim premorom na sojenju za umor zapusti Vrhovno sodišče v Norwalku. Je na sledi za umor Marthe Moxley. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

28 od 39 Medijska množica pred kazenskim sodiščem v Stamfordu pri obtožbi proti Michaelu Skakelu. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

29 od 39 Mati Marthe Moxley, Dorthy Moxley, pogleda v četrtek, 26. marca 2009, ko so se pogovarjali z novinarji zunaj vrhovnega sodišča zvezne države Connecticut v Hartfordu, Conn. Udeležili so se seje sodišča, na kateri so bili predstavljeni argumenti, zakaj je treba obsodbo Michaela Skakela iz leta 2002 o umoru v povezavi s smrtjo 15-letne Marthe Moxley leta 1975 zavrniti ali ne. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

31 od 39 Michael Sherman, zunaj višjega sodišča Norwalk, se odzove na obsodilno sodbo za svojega klienta Michaela Skakela v procesu umora Marthe Moxley. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

32 od 39 Dorthy Moxley, mati Marthe Moxley, v ponedeljek, 23. aprila 2007, posluša pričevanje na obravnavi na vrhovnem sodišču v Stamfordu, Conn. umor Marthe Moxley v Greenwichu, Združene države Amerike. Fotografije Datoteka Prikaži več Prikaži manj

34 od 39 Sodnik Edward Karazin, Jr., se sklicuje na dokument med obravnavo na državnem vrhovnem sodišču v Stamfordu v ponedeljek, 23. aprila 2007, da bi ugotovil, ali lahko Michael Skakel dobi novo sojenje po obsodbi leta 2002 za umor leta 1975 Marthe Moxley v Greenwichu, Združene države Amerike Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

35 od 39 Michael Sherman priča o svoji vlogi nekdanjega zagovornika Michaela Skakela na Vrhovnem sodišču v Stamfordu, Združene države Amerike, petek, 20. april 2007. Datoteka Fotografija Prikaži več Prikaži manj

37 od 39 Michael Sherman, nekdanji zagovornik MIchaela Skakela, priča o dejanjih, ki jih je izvedel, ko je gradil obrambo za Skakel na višjem sodišču v Stamfordu, Conn., Petek, 20. april 2007. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

38 od 39, fotograf Harry Benson revije Vanity Fair, levo, znan po svoji znameniti fotografiji, na kateri se blazina The Beatles bori v hotelski sobi, portretira avtorja Dominicka Dunneja zunaj sodišča. Fotografija datoteke Prikaži več Prikaži manj

Navaden lažnivec. Sposoben natančnega zavajanja. Dolga nevrološka in psihiatrična anamneza. Zgodovina izbruhov narave.

Vse to so stavki, ki jih Michael Skakel in njegova obrambna ekipa - namenjeni osvoboditvi bratranca Kennedyja in obsojenega morilca - tudi po desetletju v zaporu - uporabljajo za označevanje Thomasa Skakela, Michaelovega lastnega brata, v tožbi, vloženi na višjem sodišču v Rockvilleu .

Vprašanja o Thomasu Skakelu so le nekatera od mnogih, ki bi jih odvetniki Michaela Skakela lahko sprožili na aprilskem sojenju, ki se bo osredotočilo na domnevne načine, na katere je bil nekdanji odvetnik Skakela, Mickey Sherman, neučinkovit pri zagovoru Skakela.

Dokument s peticijo na 68 straneh, vložen junija lani, ponuja vpogled v široko paleto argumentov, ki bi jih lahko uporabili Skakelovi odvetniki.

Obupan, da bi očistil svoje ime in pobegnil iz zapora, Michael poslika sliko nepoštenega in vznemirjenega starejšega brata, enega od več moških, ki so v dokumentu imenovani kot ljudje, ki bi jih moral Sherman podrobneje preiskati v povezavi z umorom 15. letna Martha Moxley.
Čeprav sodni dokument Thomasa Skakela ne obtožuje zločina, dvomi o tem, da Sherman ni odprl vprašanj o njem.

"Sodni zagovornik ni dovolj preiskal okoliščin v zvezi s Thomasom Skakelom," piše v dokumentu, "in dokazi o krivdi tretje osebe, ker v devetdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja ni opravil nobene preiskave spremenjene razlage Thomasa Skakela preiskovalcem, da je dejavnosti z Martho Moxley, ko se je tistega večera odpravil domov, da je bil znan kot navaden lažnivec, ki je sposoben natančno prevariti, da je lagal policistom, psihologom, terapevtom, svetovalcem, družinskim članom, prijateljem, odvetnikom in preiskovalcem o svojem dejavnosti z Martho Moxley 30. oktobra 1975 in njegove dejavnosti tisti večer. "

V dokumentu se navaja, da je imel Thomas Skakel - nekoč osumljenec Moxleyjevega umora - "dolgo nevrološko in psihiatrično zgodovino", temperamentne izbruhe in bolezen temporalnega režnja, ki bi lahko povzročila "disociativna (sic) stanja".

Pri postavljanju vprašanj o uspešnosti Shermana bi lahko Skakelovi odvetniki izpostavili domnevo, da Sherman ni v celoti preiskal Skakelovega brata Thomasa, pa tudi številne druge domnevne pomanjkljivosti. Argumenti proti Shermanu vključujejo sestavljeno policijsko skico, poročila o profilu preiskovalca o drugih možnih osumljencih in preiskave drugih ljudi, povezanih s primerom, vključno z zvezdno pričo države.

Na koncu bo morala Skakelova obramba pokazati, da je Shermanov zagovornik negativno vplival na izid sojenja leta 2002.

Družina Skakel, ki jo še vedno pesti obsodba iz leta 2002 zaradi brutalnega poboja pred skoraj štirimi desetletji, se bliža novemu pravnemu boju.

Družina pravi, da gre pri sojenju za iskanje zakonitih poti za osvoboditev Skakela. Uspeh na sojenju 15. aprila v Rockvilleu bi lahko pomenil svobodo 52-letnemu Skakelu, ki je zaprt v popravnem zavodu McDougall-Walker v Suffieldu.

"Gre za našega brata Michaela, ki je bil pred več kot 10 leti po krivem obsojen za zločin, ki ga ni zagrešil," je družina Skakel dejala v izjavi za Greenwich Time. "Čas je, da odpravimo to grozljivo krivico."

Na vprašanje, kako se odzovejo na Michaelovo vključitev njegovega brata Thomasa kot enega izmed moških, ki bi jih bilo treba agresivneje preiskati v zvezi z umorom, družina ni želela komentirati.

John Moxley, Marthin brat, je v petek dejal, da ne verjame, da Michael Skakel pritegne svojega brata zaradi umora in sproža vprašanja o njem in Shermanu.

"Ne pravi, da je Tommy to storil," je v petek dejal Moxley in dodal, da verjame, da obramba Skakela opozarja, da je bil Sherman neučinkovit, ker ni v celoti preiskal možne vpletenosti Thomasa Skakela.
"Mislim, da je to pameten korak (obrambe)," je dejal Moxley. "Vidim, zakaj bi to rekli. Mislim, da je to z njihove strani precej pametno."

Moxley je dodal, da trdno verjame, da je Michael Skakel kriv, in da se obramba Skakela pri postavitvi nekaterih vprašanj v dokumentu "opira na slamice".

Skakel bo moral za uspeh na aprilskem sojenju odpraviti "visoko oviro", je dejal Moxley, ki ne verjame, da je bil Sherman nesposoben v obrambi Skakel.

V izpodbijanju Shermanovega obravnavanja primera Skakelovi odvetniki, Hubert Santos in Hope Seeley, trdijo, da so številni primeri neučinkovitosti.

Trdijo, da gre za krivdo tretjih oseb glede Tonyja Bryanta, nekdanjega sošolca Skakelove šole Brunswick in bratranca košarkarskega zvezdnika Kobeja Bryanta. Obtožba je, da je Sherman prezrl informacije o Tonyju Bryantu.

V peticijo je vključena tudi trditev, da Sherman ni uporabil sestavljene skice osumljenca, ki jo je opazil Charles Morganti Jr., varnostnik v Belle Haven, kjer sta Skakels in Moxleys živela v času umora. Skica, ki jo je pripravila policija in prikazuje nekoga, ki je zelo podoben učitelju družine Skakel Kennethu Littletonu, je bil v tem primeru "najpomembnejši dokaz razbremenilnih dokazov". Skica bi pomagala Skakelovi obrambi, če bi bila prikazana žiriji, navaja dokument.

Sherman bi prav tako moral pravočasno zahtevati poročila o profilu Johna Solomona, vodilnega preiskovalca v zadevi, o Littletonu in Thomasu Skakelu, navaja dokument. Sherman je poročila zahteval med navzkrižnim zasliševanjem, sodišče je njegovo zahtevo zavrnilo, Sherman pa zahteve ni obnovil pred koncem sojenja ali v predlogu za novo sojenje, piše v dokumentu.

Družina Skakel je dejala, da bi moral Sherman natančneje pogledati druge osumljence.

"Odkar je bil Michael obsojen - in še prej - kadarkoli je omenjeno ime Ken Littletona, Adolpha Hasbroucka, Burra Tinsleyja ali Tonyja Bryanta, ga mediji prezrejo kot" oh, to je stara novica " izjavo za Greenwich Time. "Če bi Sherman opravil svoje delo in olupil čebulo na teh štirih, Michael ne bi bil tam, kjer je danes. Ti fantje so prave puške v tej sodniški travestiji: Littleton je dobil imuniteto tudi potem, ko ni opravil testa detektorja laži. In Hasbrouck, Tinsley and Bryant plead the Fifth."

In an interview with an investigator, Tony Bryant implicated two of his friends, Adolph Hasbrouck and Burt Tinsley, in Moxley's murder.

Skakel's petition also argues Sherman did not effectively investigate and impeach Gregory Coleman, the state's star witness and the only witness to say without equivocation that Skakel admitted he killed Moxley. The document argues witnesses should have been introduced to show that Coleman, a classmate of Skakel's at the Elan School in Maine, testified falsely.

The document alleges numerous other ways in which Sherman should have better handled witnesses for both the defense and prosecution.

Sherman has repeatedly said that he stands by his defense of Skakel and believes Skakel is innocent.

Other Skakel claims include the allegation that Sherman was not reasonably competent during jury selection, did not consult with experts about a crime scene reconstruction or present expert testimony to support Skakel's defense, and did not investigate or sufficiently interview a number of other witnesses. It also argues Sherman should have challenged the admission of testimony by noted forensic pathologist Henry Lee on the grounds that it was either speculative, not having a sufficient foundation, not relevant, more prejudicial than probative, or improper expert testimony.

The document also claims Sherman had "significant financial problems" that may have affected his ability or desire to conduct necessary investigations and retain experts.

Attorneys for Skakel will not be able to challenge every aspect of Sherman's defense, however.
Superior Court Judge Samuel Sferrazza threw out two of Skakel's claims in a March 1 decision. Issues about closing arguments in the 2002 trial and the case's transfer from juvenile court were previously upheld and could not be argued again, he ruled.

Supervisory Assistant State's Attorney Susann Gill, who did not appeal Sferrazza's decision, said Santos will be limited to arguing ineffective assistance of counsel issues at the April trial. She declined further comment.

The trial is not a complete retrial, and will not include all of the issues previously raised in Skakel's case, she said.


Michael Skakel: Brother, Thomas, lied about Moxley

1 of 3 In this Oct. 24, 2012, file photo, Michael Skakel listens during a parole hearing at McDougall-Walker Correctional Institution in Suffield, Conn. Prosecutors want a judge to dismiss Michael Skakel's latest challenge of his 2002 murder conviction, saying the Kennedy cousin's claim that his trial attorney did a poor job should have been raised in an earlier appeal and that many of the issues he cites were previously rejected, Feb. 13, 2013. (AP Photo/Jessica Hill, Pool, File) Jessica Hill/Associated Press Show More Show Less

2 of 3 Thomas Skakel, the older brother of Michael Skakel, leaving the Norwalk courthouse during Michael's murder trial in 2002. Before Michael was charged, Thomas was considered the lead suspect in the 1975 murder of Martha Moxley. Thomas, who was 17 at the time of her death, was the last person seen with Moxley the night she was murdered. Mel Greer/GT Show More Show Less

Habitual liar. Capable of elaborate deception. Long neurological and psychiatric history. A history of temper outbursts.

All are phrases Michael Skakel and his defense team -- intent on freeing the Kennedy cousin and convicted murderer, even after a decade in jail -- are using to characterize Thomas Skakel, Michael's own brother, in a petition filed in state Superior Court in Rockville.

The issues about Thomas Skakel are just some of many that Michael Skakel's attorneys may raise in an April trial that will focus on the alleged ways in which Skakel's former attorney, Mickey Sherman, was ineffective in his defense of Skakel.

The 68-page petition document filed last June provides a glimpse at the wide sampling of arguments Skakel's attorneys may use.

Desperate to clear his name and get out of prison, Michael is painting a picture of a dishonest and disturbed older brother, one of several men named in the document as people who Sherman should have investigated more fully in connection with the 1975 murder of 15-year-old Martha Moxley.

Though the court document does not accuse of Thomas Skakel of the crime, it does question Sherman's failure to raise issues about him.

"Trial counsel failed to sufficiently investigate the circumstances relating to Thomas Skakel," the document states, "and the evidence of third party culpability in that he did not conduct any investigation into Thomas Skakel's revised explanation to investigators in the 1990s that he engaged in sexual activity with Martha Moxley as he walked her home that evening, that he was known to be a habitual liar capable of elaborate deception, that he lied to police officers, psychologists, therapists, consultants, family members, friends, lawyers, and investigators about his activities with Martha Moxley on October 30, 1975, and his activities that evening."

The document goes on to state that Thomas Skakel -- once a suspect in Moxley's murder -- had a "long neurological and psychiatric history," temper outbursts, and temporal lobe disease that could cause "disassociative (sic) states."

In raising issues about Sherman's performance, Skakel's lawyers could bring up the allegation that Sherman didn't fully investigate Skakel's brother Thomas as well as numerous other alleged shortcomings. The arguments against Sherman involve a police composite sketch, investigator profile reports about other possible suspects, and investigations into other people related to the case, including the state's star witness.

In the end, Skakel's defense will have to show Sherman's counsel had a negative effect on the outcome of the 2002 trial.

Still plagued by Skakel's 2002 conviction for the brutal slaying nearly four decades ago, the Skakel family now finds itself approaching yet another legal battle in the case.

The family is saying the trial is about pursuing the legal avenues to set Skakel free. Success at the April 15 trial in Rockville could mean freedom for Skakel, 52, who is imprisoned at McDougall-Walker Correctional Institution in Suffield.

"This is about our brother, Michael, who was wrongly convicted more than 10 years ago for a crime he did not commit," the Skakel family said in a statement to Greenwich Time. "It is time to correct this horrific injustice."

When asked for their reaction to Michael's inclusion of his brother Thomas as one of the men who should have been more aggressively investigated in connection with the murder, the family declined to comment.

John Moxley, Martha's brother, said Friday he doesn't believe Michael Skakel is fingering his brother for the murder in raising the issues about him and Sherman.

"He's not saying Tommy did it," Moxley said Friday, adding that he believes Skakel's defense is pointing out Sherman was ineffective because he didn't fully investigate Thomas Skakel's possible involvement.

"I think this is a smart move on (the defense's) part," Moxley said. "I can see why they would say it. I think it's pretty clever on their part."

Moxley added that he firmly believes Michael Skakel is guilty and that Skakel's defense, in raising some of the issues in the document, is "grasping at straws."

Skakel will have to clear a "high hurdle" to succeed at the April trial, said Moxley, who does not believe Sherman was incompetent in his defense of Skakel.

In challenging Sherman's handling of the case, Skakel's attorneys, Hubert Santos and Hope Seeley, are claiming numerous examples of ineffectiveness.

They are alleging third party culpability issues about Tony Bryant, a former classmate of Skakel's at Brunswick School and the cousin of basketball star Kobe Bryant. The allegation is that Sherman ignored information about Tony Bryant.

Also included in the petition is a claim that Sherman did not make use of a composite sketch of a suspect observed by Charles Morganti Jr., a security guard in Belle Haven, where the Skakels and Moxleys lived at the time of the murder. The sketch, which was prepared by police and depicts someone who strongly resembles Skakel family tutor Kenneth Littleton, was "the single most important piece of exculpatory evidence in this case," according to the document. The sketch would have assisted Skakel's defense if it had been shown to the jury, the document states.

Sherman also should have made timely requests for profile reports by John Solomon, a lead investigator in the case, about Littleton and Thomas Skakel, the document states. Sherman requested the reports during cross examination, the court denied his request, and Sherman failed to renew his request before the end of the trial or in a motion for a new trial, according to the document.

The Skakel family said Sherman should have looked more closely at other suspects.

"Ever since Michael was convicted -- and even before -- whenever the name of Ken Littleton, Adolph Hasbrouck, Burr Tinsley or Tony Bryant is mentioned, the media ignores it as `oh, that's old news,' " the Skakels said in a statement to Greenwich Time. "If Sherman did his job and peeled the onion back on these four, Michael would not be where he is today. Those guys are the real smoking guns in this judicial travesty: Littleton was given immunity even after he failed a lie detector test. And Hasbrouck, Tinsley and Bryant plead the Fifth."

In an interview with an investigator, Tony Bryant implicated two of his friends, Adolph Hasbrouck and Burt Tinsley, in Moxley's murder.

Skakel's petition also argues Sherman did not effectively investigate and impeach Gregory Coleman, the state's star witness and the only witness to say without equivocation that Skakel admitted he killed Moxley. The document argues witnesses should have been introduced to show that Coleman, a classmate of Skakel's at the Elan School in Maine, testified falsely.

The document alleges numerous other ways in which Sherman should have better handled witnesses for both the defense and prosecution.

Sherman has repeatedly said that he stands by his defense of Skakel and believes Skakel is innocent.

Other Skakel claims include the allegation that Sherman was not reasonably competent during jury selection, did not consult with experts about a crime scene reconstruction or present expert testimony to support Skakel's defense, and did not investigate or sufficiently interview a number of other witnesses. It also argues Sherman should have challenged the admission of testimony by noted forensic pathologist Henry Lee on the grounds that it was either speculative, not having a sufficient foundation, not relevant, more prejudicial than probative, or improper expert testimony.

The document also claims Sherman had "significant financial problems" that may have affected his ability or desire to conduct necessary investigations and retain experts.

Attorneys for Skakel will not be able to challenge every aspect of Sherman's defense, however.

Superior Court Judge Samuel Sferrazza threw out two of Skakel's claims in a March 1 decision. Issues about closing arguments in the 2002 trial and the case's transfer from juvenile court were previously upheld and could not be argued again, he ruled.

Supervisory Assistant State's Attorney Susann Gill, who did not appeal Sferrazza's decision, said Santos will be limited to arguing ineffective assistance of counsel issues at the April trial. She declined further comment.

The trial is not a complete retrial, and will not include all of the issues previously raised in Skakel's case, she said.

A message left with Hubert Santos, Skakel's attorney, was not returned this week.


Michael Skakel's Attorney Claims Undiscovered Evidence Could Clear the Convicted Murderer

The attorney representing Michael Skakel - the Kennedy family cousin convicted of murdering Connecticut teen Martha Moxley - tells PEOPLE he believes there may be previously undiscovered evidence that could clear his client.

Skakel was convicted of Moxley’s murder in 2002 and sentenced to 20 years-to-life in prison. He was Moxley’s neighbor in Greenwich, Connecticut, when the 15-year-old girl was bludgeoned and stabbed to death with the shaft of a broken golf club in October 1975.

According to Skakel’s lawyer, Stephan Seeger, a golf club handle was later allegedly recovered from a residence owned by Skakel’s aunt and uncle, about seven miles from the crime scene.

Seeger says he has not located the handle in question and only recently heard claims of its existence, but he is seeking depositions to learn more. He did not specify in what way the handle might clear his client - only that it could prove the murder weapon didn’t come from the Skakels.

The club handle was allegedly discovered by a groundskeeper and his daughter. Believing it might be evidence, they brought the snapped shaft to police in Greenwich in 1999, Seeger claims.

He contends that, despite the murder conviction, Skakel was actually at his aunt and uncle’s home watching a Monty Python movie with a cousin on the night Moxley was killed.

Seeger says a Connecticut-based lawyer contacted him late last year about the alleged golf club shaft’s existence. The unnamed lawyer also provided him with the names of the groundskeeper, his daughter and a lawyer who once worked for Skakel’s aunt and uncle.

Seeger says the groundskeeper passed away on March 31, at 91, but he still wants to depose the daughter as well as the former attorney for the aunt and uncle.

Seeger has asked Superior Court Judge Gary White to issue subpoenas for these people to provide depositions on the matter, PEOPLE confirms. He says he wants as much information on the alleged golf club handle as possible.

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“We are trying to find this missing evidence,” says Seeger, who insists there isn’t even an official police report reflecting the groundskeeper’s visit to police in Greenwich.

Neither investigators nor Skakel’s cousin’s family immediately returned PEOPLE’s messages seeking comment the other parties Seeger identified could not immediately be reached.

But “even the greenest of police officers in 1999 would have found the report of a golf club shaft being found at the [aunt and uncle’s] residence to be ultra significant,” Seeger argues. “That item should have been inventoried right away - and at a minimum, there should be a police report saying two people came in with this item, when they found it and where.”

“There are mountains of documents associated with this case and not one sentence written about this golf club handle,” Seeger continues. “That is exceptionally odd.”

In 2013, Connecticut’s Superior Court determined Skakel’s first trial lawyer failed to represent him adequately in court and subsequently ordered a new trial for the 56-year-old nephew of Robert F. Kennedy’s widow, Ethel.

In a split four-three decision issued Dec. 30, the state’s Supreme Court determined the lower court erred in its 2013 decision and reinstated Skakel’s conviction.

Speaking to PEOPLE last year, Moxley’s mother said she still thought Skakel was guilty: “I believe Michael is the one who swung the club. It has been 41 years since Martha died. When you gather all this information for that long a time, you get to a point where you put it all together and it just fits.”

Skakel spent 11 years behind bars after his conviction. Today, he is living with a relative in Bedford, New York.

Seeger tells PEOPLE he isn’t pointing fingers about the new claims over the golf club handle.

“My hope is always that there has been an oversight and that justice can be served in light of this new evidence,” he says. “It doesn’t take a genius to put the pieces of the puzzle together.”


Murder and Justice Bonus: Remembering Martha Moxley

In conversation with Dorthy Moxley, "Murder and Justice: The Case of Martha Moxley" host and former federal prosecutor Laura Coates discusses how Dorthy has coped with her daughter's murder and its aftermath. Martha was killed outside her family's home in Greenwich, Connecticut, on October 30, 1975. To this day, it is still unknown what happened to the young woman.

A murdered teen. A quiet Connecticut town. A suspect related to the most famous dynasty in American history. It sounds like the description of a teen soap opera, but it’s actually the description of one of the most perplexing and infamous murder cases in recent American history: the death of Martha Moxley.

In 1975, 15-year-old Moxley was found dead in her Greenwich, Connecticut backyard. No suspects would be charged for decades, until her neighbor Michael Skakel, also 15 at the time of the murder and the nephew of Robert F. Kennedy, was convicted of the crime — before eventually having his conviction overturned.

Moxley’s dairy from the time shows that Skakel did have some sort of relationship with the teen.

During Michael Skakel’s 2002 trial for Moxley’s murder, prosecutors had the slain teenager’s diary entries read aloud to the jury. In several of the excerpts, Moxley wrote about her friends, her neighbor Michael, and his older brother, Thomas “Tommy” Skakel, 17.

While Michael’s defense team claimed the diary passages had no connection to the case and would only prejudice the jury against their client, prosecutors argued the entries revealed a motive for Moxley’s murder.

"The victim's relationship with the [Skakel] brothers, her annoyance with Michael, and ambivalence toward Tom's advances, are relevant to motive… " prosecutor Susann Gill wrote in court papers . "The state's evidence will show that the defendant has made admissions indicating his romantic interest in the victim, and has also stated that she rejected him the night she was killed . [That] triggered the murder.”

A judge ultimately ruled the diary entries were admissible evidence, but he did note Moxley’s writings were hearsay.

The excerpts, many of which were written in the months before her murder, reveal how Moxley felt about her neighbors and their desire for her attention.

In a passage from September 12, 1975, Moxley reflects on an evening she spent with friends and the Skakels: “Dear Diary, Today was nothing extra special at school. Peter was being his usual self . Me, Jackie, Michael, Tom, Hope, Maureen & Andra went driving in Tom's car. I drove a little then & I was practically sitting on Tom's lap 'cause I was only steering. He kept putting his hand on my knee . I drove some more & Margie & I kept yelling out the sunroof & then we went to Friendly's & Michael treated me & he got me a double but I only wanted a single so I threw the top scoop out the window. The I was driving again & Tom put his arm around me. He kept doing stuff like that. Jesus if Peter ever found out I would be dead! I think Jackie really likes Michael & I think maybe he likes her (maybe because he was drunk, but I don't know).”

On September 15, 1975, Moxley recalled hanging out in an RV on the Skakel property with Jackie and Michael. She wrote that Michael told her he “doesn’t like Jackie but he leads her on so much I can’t believe it!”

A few days later, Moxley journaled about a confrontation she had with Michael about her interactions with Tommy:

“Michael was so totally out of it that he was being a real asshole in his actions & words. He kept telling me that I was leading Tom on when I don't like him (except as a friend). I said, well how about you and Jackie? You keep telling me that you don't like her & you're all over her. He doesn't understand that he can be nice to her without hanging all over her. Michael jumps to conclusions. I can't be friends w/ Tom, just because I talk to him, it doesn't mean I like him. I really have to stop going over there."

A little more than a month after this entry, Moxley was bludgeoned and stabbed to death with a golf club, which was traced back to a set owned by the Skakel family. According to the Hartford Courant , the assailant attacked Moxley so violently the club’s metal shaft snapped. It was then driven through her neck. Moxley’s pants and underwear had been pulled down around her ankles, but there was no sign of sexual assault, reported The New York Times.

Police theorized Moxley had been hit in the head from behind as she walked up the driveway to her home on the evening of on October 30, 1975. Her body was then dragged to her backyard and left below a pine tree, where she was found the following day, reported the Hartford Courant .

In 2002, Michael Skakel was found guilty of murdering Martha Moxley and sentenced to 20 years in prison. His conviction was vacated by the Connecticut Supreme Court in 2018 after a series of appeals. Skakel maintains his innocence, and the state has yet to announce if it will retry Skakel for Martha’s murder.

To learn more about the infamous Greenwich slaying, watch “Murder and Justice: The Case of Martha Moxley,” a three-part event series airing Saturdays at 7/6c on Oxygen.


Judge Unseals Report That Skakel Jury Never Got To See

Nearly 10 years before Kennedy cousin Michael Skakel went to trial for the 1975 murder of Greenwich teen Martha Moxley, police and prosecutors asked a forensic psychiatrist to examine another suspect in the case, Skakel's tutor Kenneth Littleton.

Littleton agreed to the exam, hoping to "get the monkey off his back once and for all," Dr. Kathy A. Morall told Greenwich Police Department detectives in a Jan. 21, 1993, letter.

But Morall's exam did hardly that.

"The examination of behavior following the crime strongly points to Mr. Littleton," Morall wrote in a 27-page report recently unsealed by Superior Court Judge Thomas Bishop but never disclosed to the jury that convicted Skakel of murder in 2002. "Not only does he engage in violence, much of it is directed towards women. His strange and bizarre behavior is quickly evident during the summer of 1976. … His preoccupation with the crime and his 'theories' of how it occurred would typically suggest involvement or guilt."

Revelations about Morall's report surfaced Friday on what was supposed to be the last day of Skakel's hearing in his petition for a writ of habeas corpus in which he is seeking a new trial on grounds that his trial lawyer, Mickey Sherman, did a poor job defending him.

Bishop unsealed the report, allowing defense lawyers to read it for the first time. On Tuesday, they amended Skakel's latest petition to include claims that Sherman should have tried to make more of an effort to get the report to use as potential evidence in his failed to attempt to win Skakel's acquittal.

Skakel, 52, a nephew of Ethel Kennedy, the widow of former U.S. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, is serving a prison sentence of 20 years to life for Moxley's murder. Moxley was beaten to death in Greenwich's wealthy Belle Haven neighborhood. She and Skakel, both 15 at the time, were neighbors.

In Skakel's latest bid for freedom, he is claiming ineffective assistance of Sherman and is seeking a new trial. If Bishop rules in Skakel's favor, prosecutors would have to decide whether they want to try the case again. Testimony in the two-week hearing ended Tuesday. It could be weeks and possibly months before Bishop makes his ruling.

On Tuesday, Skakel lawyer Hubert J. Santos called Michael Fitzpatrick back to the witness stand to ask him about Morall's report. Fitzpatrick, past president of the Connecticut Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, testified last week that Sherman failed to pursue information that might have supported his client and that Sherman made mistakes that helped the state.

Fitzpatrick said Morall's report would have bolstered Sherman's defense at trial that Littleton, not Skakel, was Moxley's killer. The report outlines Littleton's struggles with mental illness and drugs and alcohol, his criminal trial on theft charges, overwhelming sexual feelings, and violence against women. At one point, he sought treatment at a Massachusetts mental health facility and was prescribed anti-psychotic drugs, the report says. Fitzpatrick said the image belied one he believed jurors saw of Littleton at trial as an educator and a counselor.

"The Kenneth Littleton the jury saw is not the Kenneth Littleton reflected in this document," Fitzpatrick said. "Not even a mere shadow."

Littleton told Morall, according to the report, of how he preferred a "blond, blue-eyed, all-American beauty" over a "cute" girl or ones resembling the actress Sophia Loren.

"That would be Martha Moxley," Fitzpatrick said.

Fitzpatrick said a "reasonably competent" defense attorney would have worked to get the report admitted as evidence or would have tried to put Morall on the witness stand.

But when recalled to the witness stand Tuesday by the state, Sherman said that at trial he offered testimony that pointed the finger at Littleton as Moxley's killer, though the trial judge questioned the relevance of Littleton's psychiatric history and restricted testimony on it.

When asked Tuesday by Fairfield County Supervisory Assistant State's Attorney Susann E. Gill if there was anything in the newly disclosed report that he "wished" he had at trial, Sherman replied, "Frankly, no."

Sherman said he was aware at the time of trial of Morall's 1993 exam of Littleton but did not call Morall as a witness. Jurors did see videotape excerpts of Morall interviewing Littleton.

"I just didn't think she was an effective interrogator," Sherman said.

In the latest hearing, Littleton was not called to the witness stand, though he did testify at Skakel's widely publicized trial.

Littleton's lawyer, Eugene J. Riccio, insisted Tuesday that Littleton had nothing to do with the murder of Moxley.

"There has never been and never will be a credible shred of evidence that he was involved," Riccio said in a telephone interview. "It's been a very torturous and tragic road in many ways for Mr. Littleton for many years. It essentially destroyed his life and caused him significant damage."

Riccio declined to elaborate and would not confirm where Littleton currently resides.

Littleton's name has surfaced several times at the latest hearing, including during testimony about a police sketch of a man walking in the area of Moxley's home the night she was killed. Santos says the composite drawing should have been used at trial as exculpatory evidence by Sherman.

When shown the sketch at the hearing, Sherman said it looked like "Kenneth Littleton or someone else." Sherman said having the sketch at trial "would have been helpful."


MURDER IN GREENWICH: THE VERDICT Skakel Is Convicted 27 Years After Girl's Murder

Nearly 27 years after Martha Moxley was bludgeoned to death with a golf club outside her family's home in a gated enclave of Greenwich, a jury today convicted Michael C. Skakel of her murder, ending a trial clouded by wavering memories that played out amid a swirl of wealth and celebrity.

Mr. Skakel, 41, a nephew of Ethel Kennedy, faces a sentence of up to life in prison. He and Miss Moxley were 15-year-old friends and neighbors when she died. During the three-and-a-half-week trial, the jury was offered no direct physical evidence tying Mr. Skakel to the crime but heard substantial testimony about incriminating statements and erratic behavior by him over the years.

The jury, in State Superior Court here, announced that it had reached a verdict just after 10:30 a.m., shortly after starting its fourth day of deliberations. Mr. Skakel appeared stunned as the jury foreman pronounced the verdict in the packed, silent courtroom. He stood at the defense table, his face flushed, his lips pursed.

As the clerk polled each juror individually, the victim's mother, Dorthy Moxley, and her son, John, clutched each other in their front-row seats, astonished smiles on their faces, tears in their eyes.

Moments later, Judge John F. Kavanewsky Jr. ordered Mr. Skakel handcuffed. A brother, David Skakel, reached for him, but was pushed back by a court marshal.

Outside the courthouse, Mrs. Moxley faced a huge encampment of reporters and television crews and said she had prayed this morning in anticipation of a verdict. ''My prayer started out, 𧷪r Lord, again today like I have been doing for 27 years, I'm praying that I can find justice for Martha.' You know this whole thing was about Martha,'' she said, adding: ''This is Martha's day. This is truly Martha's day.''

Behind her, on a courthouse wall, someone had posted a sign: ''Justice at Last.''

Michael Sherman, the defense lawyer, vowed to appeal on numerous grounds and insisted on Mr. Skakel's innocence.

''We are bitterly disappointed,'' Mr. Sherman said. ''There is no way to hide it. This is certainly the most upsetting verdict I have ever had or will ever have in my life. But I will tell you that as long as there is a breath in my body, this case is not over as far as I'm concerned.''

The verdict was a huge victory for the lead prosecutor, Jonathan C. Benedict, and his co-counsels, Christopher Morano and Susann Gill, who had seemed to be struggling until Mr. Benedict's dramatic closing arguments on Monday. It was also a triumph for Frank Garr, the lead investigator on the case since 1995, who doggedly pursued Michael Skakel after decades in which his predecessors focused on other suspects.

Mr. Benedict said, ''It's nice to say once in a while that justice delayed doesn't have to be justice denied.''

At one point, the judge asked lawyers on both sides if they had anything to add before he excused the jury. None of the lawyers wanted to speak, but Mr. Skakel, who did not testify in his own defense at trial, blurted out, ''Iɽ like to say something.'' The judge cut him off, saying tersely, ''No, sir.'' The judge also denied Mr. Sherman's request that Mr. Skakel remain free on bail.

In determining a sentence, Judge Kavanewsky has extraordinary circumstances to consider: a crime committed when the defendant was a 15-year-old boy but for which he was not arrested until 25 years later. Mr. Skakel was initially charged as a juvenile but was ultimately tried as an adult. Under state law as it existed in 1975, which the judge must follow, Mr. Skakel faces a minimum sentence of 10 years and a maximum of life. Sentencing is set for July 19.

To reach their verdict, the jurors had to overcome a total lack of direct physical evidence tying Mr. Skakel to the killing. Despite the presence of the golf club, investigators found no fingerprints, no semen, no bloody trail leading to a suspect. But the judge clearly instructed the jury that the law permits a conviction on circumstantial evidence.

A juror and two alternate jurors said they were convinced of Mr. Skakel's guilt after the prosecution's closing argument on Monday, in part because Mr. Skakel had made statements placing himself at the murder scene. They also said they did not believe his alibi, or the Skakel family members, including two brothers and a cousin, who testified in support of it.

Mr. Skakel's brothers Rushton Jr. and John, and a cousin, James Dowdle, all testified that they could recall little about the night of the murder, other than that Mr. Skakel had gone with them to watch television at the Dowdle home.

''This is probably the single biggest thing in their lives as teenagers,'' said one alternate juror, Anne T. Layton. ''There are some things you just remember.''

Ultimately, however, prosecutors pieced together enough of the puzzle for jurors to place Mr. Skakel at the crime scene and give him both motive and opportunity. The evidence showed that he had unrequited romantic feelings for Miss Moxley and ready access to the murder weapon.

Martha Moxley, a cute, popular teenager, was killed outside her family's home in the gated Belle Haven section of Greenwich on Oct. 30, 1975. It was the night before Halloween, commonly referred to as mischief night, an occasion when teenagers throughout the neighborhood engaged in raucous tomfoolery, spraying shaving cream and hurling eggs and toilet paper.

Forensics experts testified that Miss Moxley was disabled by perhaps just one blow from the golf club -- a Toney Penna 6-iron from a set that had belonged to Mr. Skakel's mother. But she was then struck with such force that the steel club broke into pieces, the club head and a portion of shaft flying more than 100 feet away. Another piece of the shaft was used to stab her through the neck.

When Miss Moxley did not return home that night, her mother began calling friends and neighbors, including the Skakels, who lived just across the road. Still in search of her daughter the next morning, Mrs. Moxley knocked on the door of the Skakel home. It was answered by Michael Skakel.

In a taped conversation in 1997 with the ghostwriter of an autobiography that he had hoped to write, Mr. Skakel said that he was drunk, high on marijuana and sexually aroused on the night of the murder and that he climbed a tree in the Moxley yard, where he masturbated, trying to peep into Martha Moxley's bedroom.

He said he panicked at the sight of Mrs. Moxley. ''I woke up to Mrs. Moxley saying, 'Michael, have you seen Martha?' '' Mr. Skakel said on the tape.

'ɺnd I was, like, still high from the night before, a little drunk,'' Mr. Skakel continued on the tape. ''I was, like, 'Oh my God, did they see me last night?' '' Although Mr. Skakel never confessed in the taped conversation, prosecutors insisted that it was clear evidence of his guilt, that his panic was not over whether someone had seen him masturbating but whether someone had seen him commit the murder.

The defense, however, insisted that Mr. Skakel had an alibi. He was at a cousin's home, miles from the murder scene, watching ''Monty Python's Flying Circus'' on television precisely from just after 9:30 m. until after 11 p.m. Dr. Joseph A. Jachimczyk, a Texas medical examiner hired by the Greenwich police to help determine the time of Miss Moxley's death, found that she was probably killed at 10 p.m.

By far the most damaging evidence against Mr. Skakel came from his own mouth: the taped conversation with the ghostwriter, Richard Hoffman.

Ms. Layton, the alternate juror, said of Mr. Skakel: ''He was trying to set up a scenario where he could have been in the tree. I think what he really did was incriminate himself.''

But two of Mr. Skakel's brothers criticized the jury's decision.

One, David Skakel, read a statement that he had prepared in expectation of an acquittal.

''Martha's short life and the manner of her death should never be forgotten,'' he said. 'ɿor our family, grieving has coincided with accusation. Michael is innocent. I know this because I know Michael, like only a brother does.''

He continued, ''You may want finality to this tragedy, and our family wants the same, as much as anyone. But truth is more important than closure.''

Lawyers on both sides faced a heavy burden in trying a case so old. At least three important witnesses died before the trial got under way. Testimony from earlier proceedings given by one deceased witness, Gregory Coleman, a former classmate of Mr. Skakel's at a school for troubled youths in Maine, was read to the jury, prompting complaints from the defense that it could not cross-examine a dead man.

But the living witnesses also presented challenges. On both sides, many could no longer clearly recall the events of October 1975. Quite a number of witnesses were former students at Elan, the school for troubled youths in Maine, and went on to troubled adulthoods.

Mr. Skakel, now a divorced father of one, was arrested and charged in January 2000. After running up against numerous dead-ends in the 1970's, the investigation languished through the 1980's and was revived by the Bridgeport state's attorney's office in 1991. For many years, the driving force was Dorthy Moxley, who never stopped insisting on justice for her daughter.

After the verdict, John Moxley, 43, described hearing the foreman pronounce Mr. Skakel guilty. ''I think my heart stopped beating,'' Mr. Moxley said. ''It was just incredible. I looked at that jury, and I really felt that it was a jury of our peers.''


Poglej si posnetek: Kennedy Cousin Michael Skakel Out on Bail


Komentarji:

  1. Calder

    It is a pity that I cannot speak now - I have to leave. But I will return - I will definitely write what I think on this issue.

  2. Gawyn

    Zelo globok in pozitiven članek, hvala. Zdaj bom pogosteje gledal vaš blog.



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