Železniške postaje Missouri - zgodovina

Železniške postaje Missouri - zgodovina


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La Plata, MO (LAP)

535 North Owensby Street
La Plata, MO 63549

Letni prihodek od vstopnic (FY 2020): $499,836
Letna postaja (leto 2020): 6,184

  • Lastništvo objekta: BNSF Railway
  • Lastništvo parkirišča: BNSF Railway
  • Lastništvo platforme: BNSF Railway
  • Lastništvo tira: BNSF Railway

Derrick James
Regionalni stik
govermenta [email protected]
Za informacije o cenah in voznem redu Amtrak obiščite Amtrak.com ali pokličite 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245).

Postaja La Plata Amtrak je obnovljeno skladišče v slogu Art Deco, izdelano iz lesa in opeke. Prvotno potniško in tovorno skladišče, zgrajeno leta 1887, je bilo med drugo svetovno vojno treba zamenjati, vendar gradbeni materiali niso bili na voljo. Leta 1945, po požaru požganih delov stavbe, so notranjost in zunanjost prenovili in modernizirali v priljubljenem slogu art deco. Prenova je dejansko ohranila prvotno stavbo v notranji in zunanji plasti.

Postaja je postopoma upadala do leta 1996, ko sta koalicija Prijateljev za ohranitev La Plata in NEMO Model Railroad Club začela obnavljati zunanjost stavbe. S prostovoljnim delom in denarjem iz posameznih donacij je bilo to delo zaključeno leta 2001, postopoma pa je bila obnovljena tudi notranjost.

Sredstva za obnovitvena dela so bila pridobljena iz različnih virov: 2500 USD za tehnično pomoč iz fundacije Great American Stations Foundation 41 000 USD prek programa TEA-21 ameriškega ministrstva za promet, ki je bil upravljan prek komisije za avtoceste in promet v Missouriju in je zahteval 25-odstotno ujemanje. sredstva 24.250 dolarjev iz zakonodajne oblasti Missourija in 14.000 dolarjev zasebnih donacij, ki jih je zbrala družba Friends of La Plata Preservation, vključno s 7.000 dolarjev iz dobrodelnega sklada Surbeck.

Vzdrževanje postaje si zdaj delita Amtrak in Ameriška fundacija za potniško železniško dediščino (APRHF). Med letoma 2010 in 2013 je APRHF z nepovratnimi sredstvi in ​​denarnimi sredstvi, prejetim od Ministrstva za promet v Missouriju in drugih organizacij, namestil nove žlebove, popravil vrata in pobarval depo. Zgodovinsko natančni logotipi železnice Santa Fe –a križ v krogu – so bili nameščeni na vsakem koncu stavbe skupaj z novimi klopmi na ploščadi. APRHF še naprej išče nepovratna sredstva za izboljšave postaj in organizira zbiranje sredstev za podporo posebnega sklada za vzdrževanje postaj.


Zgodovina

Our Town Tomorrow (OTT) je odprta članska organizacija brez stalnega prebivališča. Organizacija ima predsednika, podpredsednika, tajnika in blagajnika, ki vodijo mesečna srečanja. Članarine ni, kljub temu je čas, vložen v projekte in zbiranje sredstev, glavna naloga njegovih članov. Je nediskriminatorna organizacija in je odprta za vse.

OTT služi kot krovna skupina v dolini Arcadia in sodeluje z organizacijami skupnosti in viri za nadaljnji razvoj naložb, polepšanje in oživitev skupnosti Arcadia, Ironton in Pilot Knob, MO. Naši partnerji pomagajo pri dolgoročnem načrtovanju in podpirajo projekte skupnosti, ki jih podpira naša organizacija. Z ohranjanjem tesnih delovnih odnosov imamo vsi korist od široke baze znanja in spretnosti.

Naše mesto jutri je postalo neprofitna korporacija Missouri in je februarja 2003. prejelo status neprofitne organizacije 501 (c) (3). To je bilo storjeno, da se je organizacija lahko posvetila oživitvi skupnosti v dolini Arkadije. Vabimo vas, da si ogledate prilogo, ki prikazuje številne projekte, ki jih je zaključil OTT in ki so podprti s številnimi donacijami, ki jih je organizacija napisala in prejela. Organizacija zbira tudi sredstva za zbiranje sredstev in prejema donacije za financiranje nekaterih svojih projektov, na primer čudovitih visečih cvetličnih košar.

Železniška postaja Arcadia Valley
Kliknite za povečavo

Eden najpomembnejših projektov je bil nakup in obnova železniške postaje Arcadia Valley leta 2006. Depo je leta 1941 zgradila Missouri Pacific za konsolidacijo skladišč, ki so nekoč obstajala tako v Arkadiji kot v Irontonu, do leta 1965 pa so zagotavljali potniške storitve.

Postaja je nekaj let ostala prazna in jo je bilo nujno treba popraviti. OTT je prek programa pomoči soseski zvezne države Missouri prejel 171.498,00 USD davčnih dobropisov za nakup in obnovo stavbe. Center za obiskovalce Trgovinske zbornice Arcadia Valley in Muzej zgodovinskega društva Iron County sta danes v stavbi. Na tisoče obiskovalcev iz vseh zveznih držav ZDA in več mednarodnih držav je bilo od njegovega odprtja v Centru in muzeju za obiskovalce.

Novembra 2010 se je Odbor za turizem gospodarske zbornice Arcadia Valley sestal s številnimi prebivalci skupnosti, ki so od odbora zahtevali, naj pri Amtraku preveri, ali je Arcadia Valley možna postajališče. Po večmesečnih raziskavah in pismih podpore skupnosti se je Amtrak obrnil na Union Pacific, kjer je navedel, da podpirajo dolino Arcadia, ki ima postajo Amtrak, in zahteval njihovo odobritev. Mesto Arcadia je odobrilo tudi vlogo partnerja pri projektu. Novembra 2011 je Union Pacific Railroad odobril postajo.

Leta 2012 so Amtrak, Union Pacific, MoDOT, mesto Arcadia in člani skupnosti začeli resno delati na tem, da bi dosegli tisto, kar so bile prej sanje. Inženirji so bili najeti, financiranje z donacijami in nepovratnimi sredstvi iz sklada Taum Sauk, Fundacije Williama Edgarja, Ekonomskega partnerstva Iron County in MoDot Transportation Enhance Grant je bilo na voljo za projekt.

Potem ko so si zagotovili več kot 620.000 USD, potrebnih za izgradnjo peronske postaje, so tla podrli aprila 2016. Postaja je bila dokončana oktobra in je bila uradno odprta z rezanjem traku in slovesno vožnjo z vlakom za dostojanstvenike 17. novembra 2016. Redna potniška služba se je začela novembra 20. 2016.

Naše mesto Jutri je hvaležno za podporo našim zveznim, državnim, okrožnim in mestnim uradnikom, skupnosti in podjetjem, našim prijateljem v Amtraku in Union Pacificu, organizaciji za trženje in uspešnost Texas Eagle (TEMPO), inženirjem in gradbenemu podjetju Harlan. Pri tem projektu ste dosegli velik uspeh in zahvaljujemo se vam.


Vsebina

Ustanovljeno je bilo leta 1889 v dogovoru, ki ga je organiziral Jay Gould z:

Povezuje se tudi z južno železnico Kansas City. Kanadska pacifiška železnica je edina železnica razreda I, ki ne doseže St. Louis.

Predhodna podjetja železnice v St. Louisu segajo v leto 1797, ko je bilo mesto še vedno del španske Zgornje Louisiane. James Piggott je dobil dovoljenje za vožnjo trajekta med St. Louisom in Illinoistownom (zdaj East St. Louis, Illinois). Leta 1819 so Piggottovi dediči prodali trajekt Samuelu Wigginsu, ki je služboval z osmimi konji, dokler leta 1828 ni prevzel trajekt na parni pogon.

Leta 1832 je Wiggins prodal Wiggins Ferry Service in 800 hektarjev (3,2 km 2) zemlje v vzhodnem St. Louisu, vključno s Krvavim otokom, novim lastnikom, ki so začeli razvijati železniško dvorišče na posestvu v Illinoisu. Leta 1870 je trajekt začel prenašati železniške vagone čez reko po en vagon, vse do dokončanja mostu Eads leta 1874. [1]

Oglas za trajekt St. Louis in St. Clair, 4. julij 1842

Parobrod John Trendley iz podjetja Wiggins Ferry Company, ujet na ledeni reki, verjetno med ledeno sotesko leta 1887

Najemna pogodba med podjetjem Wiggins Ferry Company, Illinois, in Frederickom Sebastianom za zemljišče na severnem koncu Bloody Islanda, ki se bo uporabljalo kot dvorišče za čolne, 1. marec 1864

Ko je bila leta 1889 ustanovljena Terminal Railroad, so bile železnice v lasti večine nepremičnin Wiggins Ferry. Leta 1902, ko se je Rock Island Line pridružil Terminal Railroad, je bilo lastništvo nepremičnine Wiggins v Illinoisu dokončano. [2]

Združenje je zgradilo postajo Union. Je lastnik mostu trgovcev in mostu MacArthur, slednjega, ki ga je leta 1989 prejel v zamenjavi z mestom St. Louis v zameno za naslov Eads Bridge.

V prvih letih je bilo združenje v nasprotju s trgovsko borzo St. Louis. Borza je zgradila most Eads, vendar je izgubila nadzor nad terminalno železnico. Borza je nato zgradila most trgovcev, da Terminalna železnica ne bi imela monopola. Borza je nato izgubila nadzor nad tem mostom tudi do terminalne železnice.

Železniška praksa zaračunavanja tarife vlakom za premog, ki prečkajo reko Mississippi, bi prepričala več industrij, da namesto v Missouriju ustanovijo trgovino v Illinoisu. Jekleno mesto Granite City, Illinois, je bilo ustanovljeno, da bi se izognilo carinam. [3]

Štiri leta, od leta 2001, je TRRA prejela zlato nagrado E. H. Harriman za varnost v razredu železniških prog Switching in Terminal. [4]


Kirkwood, MO (KWD)

110 West Argonne Drive
Kirkwood, MO 63122

Letni prihodek od vstopnic (FY 2020): $893,859
Letna postaja (leto 2020): 24,650

  • Lastništvo objekta: Mesto Kirkwood
  • Lastništvo parkirišča: Mesto Kirkwood
  • Lastništvo platforme: Union Pacific Railroad
  • Lastništvo tira: Union Pacific Railroad

Derrick James
Regionalni stik
govermenta [email protected]
Za informacije o cenah in voznem redu Amtrak obiščite Amtrak.com ali pokličite 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245).

Postajo Kirkwood v romanskem slogu je leta 1893 zgradila pacifiška železnica Missouri. Za meščane predstavlja več kot le kraj za pristanek in odhod – je srce skupnosti.

Kirkwood dolguje svoj obstoj železnici in je dobil ime po glavnem inženirju pacifiške železnice Jamesu Pughu Kirkwoodu. Leta 1852 je pacifiška železnica od Owena Collinsa odkupila zemljišče za prednost, tir do Kirkwooda pa je bil dokončan naslednje leto. Prvi vlak je pripeljal v Kirkwood 11. maja 1853 za dražbo. Mesto je pozneje postalo prvo načrtovano predmestje zahodno od reke Mississippi.

Prvotna postaja je bila depo iz lesenih okvirjev, zgrajen leta 1863, vendar je preživel le 30 let. Leta 1893 je pacifiška železnica Missouri Pacific najela Douglasa Donovana, da ga nadomesti s trajnejšo kamnito strukturo. Depo ima veliko podobnosti z delom slavnega bostonskega arhitekta Richarda Hobsona Richardsona, katerega stavbe so bile običajno zgrajene iz nedokončanega kamna v temno rdečih, rjavih, rjavih in sivih odtenkih. Asimetrične kompozicije so prebili globoko postavljeni okrogli loki, ki spominjajo na srednjeveške romanske strukture v Evropi. Depo je izdelan iz naključnega jasena, svetlo obarvanega kamna, obloženega s kamnom. Depot ima porte-cochere in glavni vhod v velikem okroglem loku, poudarjenem z dekorativnimi stenami. Ukrivljen zaliv, obrnjen proti stezam, je na vrhu kupole s stožčasto streho in končno.

V bližini današnje kmečke tržnice je bila postavljena miza za vlak, ki je obračala motorje za povratno vožnjo v St. Tovorni vlaki so pred dieselizacijo pogosto uporabljali pomožne motorje, da so zdržali "Kirkwood Hill". Potovalni vlaki so vozili skozi Kirkwood do leta 1961.

Leta 2003 je Amtrak na zahtevo države umaknil agente na postaji Kirkwood, da bi znižal stroške, vendar postaja ni ostala dolgo zaprta. Mestni upravitelj Mike Brown je vodil pobudo za nakup postaje od Union Pacific Railroad in nato uvedel pionirski program upravljanja. Mesto je pozvalo prostovoljce, da zaposlijo postajo Amtrak, 199 državljanov pa se je pojavilo, da bi opravljalo svoje državljanske naloge.

Leto pozneje je Amtrak prostovoljcem na postaji podelil nagrado predsednika prvaka za tirnice za storitve in varnost leta 2004. Ne samo, da prostovoljci na postajah zagotavljajo čas prihoda in odhoda, sestajajo in pozdravljajo stranke, polepšajo postajo, gostijo državljanska srečanja in zabave, posredujejo turistične informacije in vodijo knjižnico za izposojo potnikov. Postajo v celoti vodijo prostovoljci.

Kot stalni znak predanosti skupnosti svoji postaji je bila konec leta 2010 ustanovljena Zgodovinska fundacija železniške postaje Kirkwood, ki je iskala tekoče vire financiranja za vzdrževalne in gradbene projekte. Zbirajo se sredstva za načrtovano obnovo stavbe, ki vključuje namestitev nove strehe in geotermalnega ogrevalnega/hladilnega sistema, polaganje kamnitih zidov, obnovo vrat in oken itd.

Danes se mesto imenuje "kraljica predmestja St. Louis". Kirkwood pogosto primerjajo z Bedford Falls, izmišljenim mestom v filmu, To je čudovito življenje, zaradi veličastnih drevoredov, živahnega centra mesta in zgodovinskih domov. Znamenitosti v Kirkwoodu vključujejo naravoslovni center Powder Valley Nature Center, Čarobno hišo, središče mesta Kirkwood, čudovite parke in festivale.

The Tekač na reki Missouri se financira predvsem iz sredstev, ki jih da na voljo Ministrstvo za promet v Missouriju.


O Kubi v Missouriju

Dejstva, malenkosti in koristne informacije

Višina: 1.001 ft (305 m). Prebivalstvo 3.356 (2010).
Časovni pas: osrednji (CST): UTC minus 6 ur. Poletni (DST) CDT (UTC-5).

Kuba je največje mesto v okrožju Crawford, vendar ni sedež okrožja (to je Steelville). Nahaja se na Old Route 66, v osrednjem vznožju Ozarksa v Missouriju. (Zemljevid Kube).

Zgodovinski motel Wagon Wheel, Route 66 na Kubi, Missouri

Zgodovina Kube

Osrednji Missouri je bil naseljen že več kot 10.000 let, odkar se je končala zadnja ledena doba. Zgodovinski ljudje na tem območju so bili narod Algonquin, znan kot "Illinois" (deformiran iz imena, ki so ga sami imenovali: "Illiniwek"kar je pomenilo" moški ").

Francoski lovci in raziskovalci iz Kanade so v 1680 -ih zahtevali območje za Francijo in ga poimenovali po svojem vladarju, kralju Ludviku XIV., "Louisiana". Leta 1763 je Francija odstopila Španijo zgornjo Louisiano in jo izterjala leta 1800. Toda Napoleon, ki je bil brez denarja, jo je leta 1803. prodal ZDA. Del Louisiane je postal ozemlje Missourija (1812). Leta 1821 je bil sprejet kot država.

V 1830-ih so Illinois, ki so bili lovci in nabiralci buč, fižola in koruze, skupaj z vsemi domorodci, ki so živeli vzhodno od Mississippija, preselili v rezervate na indijskih ozemljih (ki so kasneje postala država Oklahoma). Toda takrat so bili na tem območju že beli naseljenci: William Harrison je prišel leta 1821. James B. Simpson se je naselil na ravnem travniku, ki se je imenoval po njem: Simpsonova prerija leta 1837. Okrožje Crawford je bilo organizirano leta 1829 in je dobilo ime po ameriškem senatorju. (Georgia) William H. Crawford, George M. Jamison (1818-1873), domači Kentuckian, so do leta 1840 živeli tudi na tem območju, pol milje od mesta, kjer bi Kubo leta 1857 ustanovili MH Trask in William Ferguson Simpsonova prerija ob prihodnji poti železnice. Železniška proga Frisco je na Kubo prišla leta 1858 in mesto je postalo kmečka skupnost.

Ime: Kuba

Prva pošta se je imenovala Amanda (po Jamisonovi ženi), ko pa se je pošta leta 1860 preselila v novo mesto, se je preimenovala v Kubo, morda zaradi političnih občutkov tistih dni, ki so zaradi njene priključitve zahtevali priključitev otoka. status španske kolonije (leta 1898 so ZDA zmagale v vojni proti Španiji in priključile Kubo in Portoriko. Kuba je kasneje postala neodvisna, Portoriko pa je še vedno del ZDA). Po WPA pa so ga poimenovali "dveh nekdanjih rudarjev zlata iz Kalifornije, ki sta želela ohraniti spomin na počitnice, ki sta jih preživela na "otoku Kuba"."

Od leta 1926 do 1969, medtem ko je pot 66 potekala skozi Kubo, so popotniki spodbudili lokalno gospodarstvo, moteli, kavarne in bencinske črpalke pa so bili zgrajeni tako, da so jim ustregli. Leta 1969 je cesta 66 zaobšla celovito razdeljeno avtocesto.

Kje namestiti na Kubi, Missouri

Namestitev in hoteli v mestu ..

& gt & gt Rezervirajte hotel v Kuba

Več nastanitev v bližini Kube ob cesti 66

Več motelov in hotelov v bližini Kube

Hoteli, Westwards v Missouriju

  • 13 milj Saint James
  • 23 milj Rolla
  • 51 milj St. Robert
  • 52 milj Waynesville
  • 86 km Libanon
  • 116 km Marshfield
  • 129 milj Strafford
  • 138 milj Springfield MO
  • 199 milj Kartagina
  • 217 milj Joplin

Na zahod. Hoteli in moteli v Kansasu.

Dalje na zahod. Hoteli in moteli na Route 66 v Oklahomi.

Na vzhodu v Missouriju, več prenočišč

  • 18 milj Sullivan
  • 34 milj Saint Clair
  • 45 milj Villa Ridge
  • 52 milj po Pacifiku
  • 60 km Eureka
  • 88 milj St. Louis

Hoteli na vzhodu, v Illinoisu

  • 90 milj vzhodno St. Louis
  • 96 milj Granite City
  • 100 milj Pontoon Beach
  • 106 milj Glen Carbon
  • 107 km Troja
  • 116 km Edwardsville
  • 117 milj Hamel
  • 126 milj Williamson
  • 129 km Staunton
  • 144 km Litchfield
  • 159 milj Raymond
  • 197 milj Springfield IL
  • 231 milj Lincoln
  • 241 milj Atlanta

Rezervirajte svojo sobo na Kubi

Vreme na Kubi

Lokacija Kube na cesti 66

Kuba ima dobro označene letne čase, ki so kombinacija vlažnega celinskega in vlažnega subtropskega podnebja.

Zima (januar) je povprečna najvišja temperatura okoli 4 ° C (39 ° F), najnižja povprečna vrednost pa je ledenih 20 ° F (-7 ° C). Poletna (julijska) povprečna najvišja temperatura je 32 ° C (89 ° F) s povprečno najnižjo temperaturo 20 ° C (68 ° F). Padavine v povprečju znašajo 1,130 mm letno, kar se giblje od 56 mm v januarju do 122,8 mm v maju. Snežne padavine so okoli 18,9 palca (48 cm), ki padajo od decembra do marca.

Tveganje za tornado

Kuba se nahaja v aveniji Tornado v Missouriju, okrožje Crawford pa vsako leto prizadene 7 tornadov.

Nevarnost tornada : preberite več o tveganju Tornada ob Route66.

Prihod na Kubo

Do Kube lahko pridete po zgodovinski cesti 66 in meddržavni magistrali I-44, ki jo povezuje s Springfieldom, Tulso in Oklahoma Cityjem na zahodu ter s Sullivanom, Eureko in St. Louisom na vzhodu. US 63 teče skozi Rollo na zahodu, US 50 pa skozi Villa Ridge na vzhodu.

Zemljevid poti 66 na Kubi, MO

Oglejte si Kubo na zemljevidu Missouri Route 66 s popolno poravnavo in vsemi mesti ob njej.

Spodaj je barvni ključ za poravnavo Route 66 & rsquos na Kubi:

Bledo modra je prvotna pot od leta 1926 do 1953, nato pa je bila od leta 1953 do leta 1969 vzhodna steza zgrajene štiripasovne poti 66.
Modra prikazuje pasove od 1953 do 1969 proti zahodu od Hofflinsa do Fanninga mimo Kube. Po letu 1969 sta bila dodana dva nova pasova, današnja cesta I-44 pa je zamenjala stari US 66, ki ga je obvozil.


Zemljevid Zemljevid železniške postaje Hannibal & amp St. St. Joseph in njenih povezav, ki jih je objavil American Railway Review, New York.

Zemljevidi v gradivu zbirk zemljevidov so bili objavljeni pred letom 1922, ki jih je pripravila vlada Združenih držav, ali oboje (za informacije o datumu objave in viru glejte kataloške zapise, ki spremljajo vsak zemljevid). Kongresna knjižnica omogoča dostop do tega gradiva v izobraževalne in raziskovalne namene in se ne zaveda nobene zaščite avtorskih pravic v ZDA (glej naslov 17 Kodeksa Združenih držav) ali drugih omejitev v gradivu Zbirke zemljevidov.

Upoštevajte, da je za distribucijo, reprodukcijo ali drugo uporabo zaščitenih predmetov, ki jih dopuščajo poštena uporaba ali druge zakonske izjeme, potrebno pisno dovoljenje lastnikov avtorskih pravic in/ali drugih imetnikov pravic (na primer pravice do javnosti in/ali zasebnosti). Odgovornost za neodvisno pravno oceno predmeta in zagotovitev vseh potrebnih dovoljenj na koncu nosijo osebe, ki želijo predmet uporabiti.

Kreditna linija: Kongresna knjižnica, Oddelek za geografijo in zemljevide.


Železniške postaje Missouri - zgodovina

Obožujem vlake in obožujem signale. Nisem strokovnjak. Moje spletne strani odražajo tisto, kar najdem na temi strani. To je nekaj, s čimer se zabavam, ko poskušam pomagati drugim.

Prosimo, upoštevajte: Ker sta moji dve spletni strani osredotočeni na železniške signale, so vodila za železniška vozila usmerjena v signalni ventilator, ki jih lahko poišče. Za tiste, ki se ukvarjate z modeliranjem našega hobija, moja stran indexa vsebuje seznam skoraj vsega, kar je na železniški poti, kar si lahko zamislim, da vam posredujem vsaj nekaj slik, ki vam bodo pomagale pri podrobnostih vaše ščuke.

Če je to stran railfan, si je prizadeval zagotoviti, da so podatki na tem zemljevidu in v tem vodniku pravilni. Občasno se lahko prikrade napaka :-)

Moja filozofija: Slike in zemljevidi so vredni tisoč besed, zlasti za railfanning. Besedilni opisi vas pripeljejo le tako daleč, še posebej, če se izgubite ali dezorientirate. S seboj vzemite dobre zemljevide. GPS je v redu, da nekam pridete, vendar so zemljevidi še vedno boljši, če se izgubite! Pripadam AAA, ki vam omogoča, da ob obisku lokalnih podružnic brezplačno dobite lokalne zemljevide. ADC predstavlja lepo serijo okrožnih zemljevidov za območje Washington DC, vendar njihovi državni zemljevidi ne vsebujejo železnic. Če jih najdete, mi je všeč ameriška knjiga zemljevidov National Geographic z dobro, jasno in jedrnato grafiko, ki vam resnično pokažejo, kje so znamenitosti turističnega tipa, čeprav jim tudi železnice manjkajo. Druge opombe o določenih področjih bodo prikazane na tej strani, če so znane.

Posnetki iz zraka so bili posneti iz Google Zemljevidov ali Bingovih zemljevidov (manj od 12. 12., saj je Bing resno pokvaril svoj pogled iz ptičje perspektive). Posnetki zaslona so narejeni z Snagit , izdelek podjetja Techsmith. odlično orodje, če ga še niste uporabljali!

Mimogrede, floobydust je izraz, ki sem ga pobral pred 30-40 leti iz podatkovne zbirke National Semiconductor in pomeni različne in/ali druge stvari.

Slike in dodatne informacije so vedno potrebne, če kdo misli, da jih želi vzeti, poslati in deliti ali če imate kaj dodati ali popraviti. kredit je vedno dan! Lepo vas prosim. Kontaktni podatki so tukaj

Pazite: če se uporablja kot vir, VSE od Wikipedija jih je treba obravnavati kot napačne, napačne ali neresnične.


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Ameriške legende

Vhod na državni sejem Sedalia, Missouri, praznuje zgodovino železnice in kravjega mesta avtorice Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Sedalia, Missouri, sedež okrožja Pettis, se je začel leta 1857, ko je bila vložena prva plošča za mesto v upanju, da bo pritegnila železnico.

Preden so na to območje prišli beli naseljenci, je regijo zasedalo predvsem pleme Osage skupaj s skupinami Indijancev Shawnee.

General George R. Smith je ustanovil Sedalia v Missouriju.

Sedalia je ustanovil general George Rappeen Smith, ko je kupil 503 hektarjev zemlje in 30. novembra 1857. posnel prvo ploščad nove naselbine. Mesto je sprva imenoval po svoji hčerki Sarah, ki je bila znana kot “Sed. ” Začel je prodajati pakete že leta 1858, in sicer do 75 USD na lot, vendar so ga zasmehovali, ker je prodajal parcele v “townu ”, kjer ni bilo nič drugega kot gosta prerijska trava.

Smith je kupil tudi travnato površino in postavil žago za olajšanje gradnje stavb. Vendar je od 30. novembra 1857 do 16. oktobra 1860 mesto obstajalo le na papirju, na tem območju je bilo le nekaj hiš.

Na drugi plošči, ki sta jo oktobra 1860 skupaj vložila general Smith in David W. Bouldin, so prvotno tovarno povečali in ime mesta spremenili v Sedalia. Smith se je medtem zavzemal za železnico skozi to območje in zaradi njegovih prizadevanj bi Sedalia postala zaključek pacifiške železnice Missouri.

Istega meseca se je zgodila javna prodaja parcel, kar je bil res začetek mesta. Prodano je bilo veliko lotov, večina jih je bila na glavni ulici ali severno od železniških tirov. Kmalu po tem, ko se je začela prodaja parcel, so bile postavljene prve stavbe in mesto je postalo resničnost.

Prvo podjetje je bila majhna trgovina in podeželska pošta, ki jo je upravljal John Hodges v hiši, podobni hlevu, severno od železniških tirov. Hodges je bil tudi prvi poštar, vendar ni trajal dolgo, ker se je naslednje leto, ko je izbruhnila državljanska vojna, pridružil konfederacijam. Zgrajene so bile tudi številne hiše, B. H. Offutt pa je obdržal prvi hotel v lasti generala Smitha. Ustanovljen je bil tudi drug hotel, imenovan Sedalia House, v lasti Georgea Smitha in Georgea Emoryja. Konec leta je prišla pacifiška železnica Missouri in prvi potniški vlak je pripeljal 17. januarja 1861.

Zgodnja blaginja Sedalije je bila neposredno povezana z železniško industrijo. Številna delovna mesta so bila povezana z moškimi, ki so vzdrževali tire in upravljali velike in raznolike strojnice. Druga gonilna sila je bila trgovina na jugozahodu po poti Santa Fe. Takrat je večina zalog prišla v Novo Mehiko, ki je bila leta oddaljena od železnice. Sedalia je bila kmalu natrpana z vagoni z blagom, ki so jo tja pripeljali po železnici, in jo z vagonskimi vlaki odpeljali proti zahodu in jugozahodu. Velike trgovine iz Ottervillea, Syracuse in Tiptona so bile preseljene v Sedalia, ki ni vključevala le njihovih zalog, ampak v mnogih primerih njihove zgradbe ali dele. Premaknile so se tudi stavbe in podjetja s sedeža okrožja Georgetown, ki se nahaja le nekaj kilometrov severno od Sedalije. Takoj, ko je železnica prišla do Sedalia, je postala tudi sedež velike Overland Stage Line.

Večina teh zgodnjih podjetij je bila omejena na dva bloka med ulicama Ohio in Kentucky na glavni ulici. Ti so vključevali trgovino CF Lohman & amp Co., majhno okvirno shrambo, ki jo je zasedel John A. Reed, in veliko trgovino in komisijo Cloney, Crawford & amp Co. lekarna, hoteli, strojna oprema in splošne trgovine. Večina teh stavb je bila lesenih okvirjev, ki so bili zelo dovzetni za požar. Drugi hotel v mestu, znan kot hiša Sedalia, je leta 1866 pogorel.

Čeprav se je Sedalia s približno 300 prebivalci odlično začela, je njeno rast prekinil začetek državljanske vojne aprila 1861. Kmalu zatem je mesto postalo vojaško mesto pod vojaškim poveljstvom, saj je bila njegova železniška postaja strateško vojna prizadevanja. V tem času je bil Missouri razdeljen na svoja čustva. Čeprav se je država zavezala, da bo podpirala Unijo, se mnogi njeni državljani s tem niso strinjali. Posledično je Sedalia postala aktivno gledališče operacij za vojaške oskrbe in tarča simpatizerjev in vojakov Konfederacije, kar je prebivalce Sedalije držalo v visokem stanju navdušenja. Tistega leta je general unija Nathaniel Lyon pred usodnim pohodom v Wilson's Creek taboril okoli 25.000 vojakov v bližini novo nastalega mesta.

General Union Nathaniel Lyon je bil ubit v bitki pri Wilson & C#8217s Creek pri Springfieldu v Missouriju.

“ Vsako novo mesto ima svoje izzive. Razmislite o podjetju Sedalia, ki je bilo ustanovljeno oktobra 1860 - šest mesecev pred začetkom državljanske vojne. Vojna je Sedalijino pozornost preusmerila s posedanja na preživetje, z gradnje na grmovnice. Vsaka oseba je bila prizadeta zaradi vojno in imel zgodbo. ” Becky Imhauser, Sedalia, zgodovinarka Missourija

Februarja 1864 je Sedalia prejela listino o mestu in ustanovila civilno oblast. Sedalia je postala sedež okrožja Pettis, izvoljeni so bili častniki, sodišče pa se je sestalo na različnih lokacijah, dokler ni bil pozneje istega leta zgrajen. Najhujši požar se je zgodil 4. marca 1864, uničilo je 15 stavb, vključno s hotelom Missouri House, umrlo pa je osem ljudi.

15. oktobra 1864 so Sedalijo kljub navzočnosti vojakov Unije, ki so varovali železnico, skoraj zavzele konfederacijske sile generalmajorja Sterlinga Pricea. Takrat je približno 1.500 konjenikov železne brigade Josepha O. Shelbyja, povezanih s Price ’ -jevo Missourijsko ekspedicijo, obkrožilo Sedalijo, premagalo milico Unije pod poveljstvom polkovnika Johna D. Crawforda in podpolkovnika Johna Parkerja ter začelo pleniti in opustošiti mesto. Ko pa je konfederacijski general M. Jeff Thompson prišel v Sedalia, je svojim ljudem ukazal, naj ustavijo uničenje, in jih premaknil naprej, Sedalia pa je prepustil Uniji v roke.

Kljub kaosu v državljanski vojni so pozneje istega leta mestni uradniki v bližini Ohio Street in uličice med drugo in glavno ulico za ceno 1.200 USD postavili veliko sodišče.

Zgodnji dan Sedalia, Missouri

Od časa konfederacijskega napada na Sedalijo je približno šest mesecev, od oktobra 1864 do aprila 1865, Sedalia mirovala. Toda z dejanskim zaključkom vojne je mesto začelo novo življenje. Mnogi od tisoč vojakov Unije, ki so bili nameščeni v Sedaliji in so prepoznali njen potencial, so se odločili ostati in se preseliti k svojim družinam. Prebivalstvo je hitro raslo.

Lahko rečemo, da sedanja vojna ni preklela in blagoslovila nobenega celinskega mesta v Missouriju kot Sedalia. - Oglaševalec Sedalia, februar 1865

Prvi mandati okrožnega sodišča so bili na sodišču spomladi in poleti 1865. To je pomenilo začetek velikega gradbenega razcveta v Sedaliji. Junija je Theodore Hoberecht začel graditi prvi mlin za moko, ki je bil dokončan jeseni. Približno v tistem času sta P. G. Stafford in J. G. Magann zgradila prvo opečno poslovno stavbo na današnjem jugovzhodnem vogalu ulic East Second in South Ohio. The Sedalia Weekly Times tiskarna, ki je delovala v tej stavbi. James G. in John Tesch sta postavila tudi dvonadstropno opečno stavbo na West Main Street. To je bil začetek gradnje stalnih opečnih konstrukcij v Sedaliji. Sprva je bilo treba pripeljati opeko iz Boonvillea, Washingtona in Jefferson Cityja, vse do leta 1866, ko je bila postavljena opekarna dve milji severno od mesta. Prezbiterijani so zgradili prvo cerkveno stavbo na vogalu Lamine in druge ulice, F. Zelleken pa je ustanovil pivovarno Sedalia. Konec leta 1865 je Sedalia imelo približno 1000 ljudi, število podjetij pa se je povečalo štirikrat. Vmes je železnica nadaljevala proti zahodu.

Spomladi in poleti 1866 je bilo približno 260.000 glav goveda odgnanih proti severu od Teksasa do konca pacifiške železnice Missouri in Sedalia je postala kravje mesto. Dvorišča so bila zgrajena za sprejemanje goveda iz pogonov v času, ko so bile klavnice v Chicagu pripravljene plačati skoraj vsako ceno govejega mesa. Takrat so bili dolgorožci v Teksasu vredni le približno tri do štiri dolarje, medtem ko je bil v Chicagu bik vreden desetkrat več. Vendar pa številne krave niso končale v Sedaliji zaradi spopadov z Indijanci, razgibanih gozdnatih gričev planote Ozark, ki so bile živali težke, in razburjenih kmetov, ki so bili zaskrbljeni, da bi lahko črede razširile teksaško mrzlico na lastno govedo . Vendar pa so rovovodci še naprej hodili na pot, ker so bili stroški goveda približno en dolar na glavo, zato so bile vožnje vredne.

Sedalia je še naprej služila kot izhodišče za številne trgovske poti v Teksas in Oklahomo in je ostala trgovsko središče tudi potem, ko so železnice zamenjale vagone. Do leta 1866 je bilo mesto poklicano za približno 1500 ljudi, tisto leto pa je bilo za nove stavbe porabljenih najmanj 250.000 dolarjev. The First National Bank was established, as well as several churches and schools.

The next year, Joseph McCoy started efforts to lure people away from the Sedalia Trail by laying out the Chisholm Trail. By 1868, more cattle were headed to Abilene, Kansas, the terminus of the Chisholm Trail, than Sedalia. However, Sedalia remained a cattle shipping point through much of the 19th century.

In 1868, $286,000 was spent for brick business, and frame buildings were becoming out-numbered rapidly. At the same time, a number of manufacturers moved to the city including Kelk’s Carriage Works, Barley Brothers & Co. Agricultural Machinery, and the Barrett Brothers Novelty Works, which furnished sashes, doors, blinds, and moldings to many of the early businesses. Civil improvements were also made including the paving of Ohio Avenue, and the gas works were constructed to provide lighting. At that time, the population had grown to about 6,000.

Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad

In 1870, Sedalia gained a second railroad when the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway (Katy) arrived. The second line brought the energy of numerous railroaders, cowboys, and other travelers making their way too and from Sedalia. The city became well known as a center of vice, especially prostitution, and brothels were distributed throughout the city, alongside gambling halls and saloons. These establishments also employed musicians, particularly piano players, contributing to a thriving musical culture. It fostered the development of many artists, including the renowned ragtime composer Scott Joplin.

During this 1870s boom, the business district began a gradual move south of Main Street, with 22 brick buildings constructed on South Ohio in 1871. Two more banks, a brick city hall, and a new post office were chief among these. Milling became increasingly important, with most of the mills extending along Main Street, and foundry businesses were also benefitting. Four newspapers served Sedalia during this period.

The Sedalia waterworks were established in 1872-73, and the gas works were reorganized in 1872, with a gas plant to make gas from coal making gas lights available.

Several events marred the town’s prosperity during the 1870s, including the U.S. Financial Panic of 1873, a smallpox epidemic that same year, the burning by arson of the Court House, other fires that engulfed whole city blocks, and in 1875, a plague of grasshoppers destroyed crops.

Historic brothel building at 217 West Main in Sedalia, Missouri courtesy Wikipedia.

In the meantime, vice continued vigorously in Sedalia, as it supported numerous brothels and gambling houses. Since its beginning, Sedalia was a “wide-open town” replete with gamblers, pimps, prostitutes, and other assorted toughs. Though prostitution and brothels were condemned by polite society, they were patronized by the men in control of the legal system of police and the courts, the church, and the press, and had become part of the economic structure of Sedalia. Prostitution also provided a certain degree of economic security for women with no other options for employment, while enriching the city through repeated fines or bribes. In 1874, the building that stands at 217 West Main was built that became a brothel. The two-story Italianate style brick building initially held a clothing store on the first floor and the upstairs rooms operated as a brothel. Through the next decades, it would continue to host prostitutes and their customers far into the 20th century. The building still stands today and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. It is located in the Sedalia Commercial Historic District.

The Street Railway Company was organized in the mid-1870s, becoming an important means of transportation for downtown Sedalia for many years. The railroad continued to build with the Missouri Pacific Railroad establishing a shop for car repair and a roundhouse for engine storage and repair on the east side of Third and Engineer Streets, and a depot was on the west side. Three hotels were built in the vicinity. The Missouri Pacific Railroad also had a depot at the Ives House, a railroad hotel on Pacific Street. A roundhouse for the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad was located at Broadway and Hancock and that line’s depot was at Fifth and Hancock.

Ohio Street in Sedalia, Missouri.

A new post office was constructed in 1877 at Second Street and South Lamine Avenue. While South Ohio became the heart of the business district, Main Street became known as a center of vice, so much so, that it prompted the Louis po pošti to proclaim in 1877 that Sedalia was the “Sodom and Gomorrah of the nineteenth century.”

Railroads continued to play an important part in Sedalia’s continued growth in the 1880s. In 1881, the railroads owned $210,000 worth of property and employed 562 people.” The Missouri Pacific Railroad constructed a brick shop building and the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad established a hospital. The Missouri Trust Company was established in 1880 and the Third National Bank was established in 1882. The first telephone was installed in August 1880 and by 1881, 225 telephones were in use, with phone service extended to the suburbs outside of the city.

Sedalia, Missouri’s 1884 Courthouse

This enduring prosperity for the city as a whole meant continued growth of the central business district, which proceeded to expand along South Ohio Avenue. Sedalia got its first permanent courthouse in 1884. It was a fine capitol-like building constructed at a cost of $100,000. During these years bottling works became popular, with both the soda and beer industries becoming major businesses and employers in the city for a number of years. Both soda pop and beer industries are still major employers in Sedalia today. Two new brickyards supplied Sedalia by the 1880s. However, fires continued to plague the town, and in 1883, there were 44 fires, including one which destroyed the Enterprize Flour Mill on West Main Street.

In 1886, the Salvation Army established a post in Sedalia and the Army’s founder, William Booth, traveled from London to attend the event. When Captain George Parks was asked by The Sedalia Democrat why William Booth had purposed to locate “his salvation army” in Sedalia, Parks responded,

“Because Sedalia is a desperately wicked city and if souls can be won to Christ in Sedalia, they can be won to Christ anywhere.”

Parks was later beaten so severely in downtown Sedalia that he traveled home to Chicago where he died nearly a year later from his wounds, making him the first martyr for The Salvation Army in the United States.

Trust Company building in Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

In 1886, the Missouri Trust Company bought land at 4th and Ohio Streets and began construction on the Trust Company building. Built of Missouri limestone, the large rectangular structure displayed Romanesque/Chateauesque architecture including a multi-gabled roofline accented by a tower, turret, arched window openings, and elaborate corbels.

When it was complete, the first floor held the Trust Company’s banking offices, the second floor was used for offices and commercial club rooms, and the third floor — a large open room, was used for lodge meetings, dances, etc. The floors were covered with imported velvet in mahogany shades along with a number of Smyrna and Persian rugs. Curtains and drapes were of the finest imported lace and fine cotton and the building was lit by chandeliers of hammered brass with Venetian globes. The Trust Company prospered and banking transactions continued in the building until February of 1932 when the company failed due to the depression. However, six months later, the lobby and vaults were once more in use when the Sedalia Bank & Trust Company opened its doors. This institution last until about 1950, and afterward the building was utilized by various companies. The Trust Building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983 and continues to stand today.

Cultural activities and organizational groups focused on downtown and became increasingly popular. The Wood’s Opera House opened at Second Street and South Lamine Avenue in 1887. Several musical clubs and choirs, and bands were formed, and music education was offered at the Ruth Ann School of Music, and later at the George R. Smith College’s music department. The first permanent post office building was completed in 1891 and served in that capacity until the 1930s.

George R. Smith College, Sedalia, Missouri.

In 1894 the George R. Smith College opened that provided black students classes leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree. Eight courses of study were provided including classical, philosophical, scientific, normal, commercial, English, musical, and industrial. Implementation of the school began in 1888 when the daughters of George R. Smith gave land to the Freedman’s Aid and Southern Education Society of the Methodist Church for a school “devoted to the moral and intellectual culture of the colored people of the west.”

The four-story red brick building measuring 126 x 105 feet was built on 24 acres in the northeast part of Sedalia at a cost of $40,000. The building contained 62 rooms, including a chapel, dormitory rooms for 75 students, apartments for teachers, the presidential suite, kitchen and dining hall, labs, and library. A football ground, a baseball diamond, and a running track were also part of the campus.

Scott Joplin, musician and composer

The main building was completed in January 1894 and classes began with 57 students. The college received a state charter in 1903. The college operated until it burned down April 26, 1925, after which its assets were merged with the Philander Smith College in Little Rock, Arkansas.

The school was attended by none other than the young African American ragtime-music piano composer Scott Joplin. Joplin also played cornet in the Queen City Concert Band in 1894 and played piano at the Williams brothers’ Maple Leaf Club, a gentlemen’s club and bar at 116 East Main Street. Joplin’s popular “Maple Leaf Rag” was published in Sedalia in 1899 and soon afterward, Joplin left Sedalia and became a noted musician of the time.

In 1896, Missouri Kansas and Texas Railroad constructed a Romanesque Revival style depot at Third Street and Hancock Avenue. One of the largest MK&T depots between St. Louis and Kansas City, the building featured a dining room and second-story offices. Local newspapers touted the depot as an example of Sedalia’s importance in the railroad industry. The beautiful building, listed on the National Register Historic Places, serves as the offices for the Chamber of Commerce and the Convention & Visitor’s Bureau. It is located at 600 East Third Street and is open to the public on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

Katy Depot in Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

The same year, Sedalia tried to relocate the capital from Jefferson City, citing its location at the junction of two railroads, its fine schools, and its city utilities and improvements. The campaign ultimately garnered enough support, that the choice was submitted to the voters, but Sedalia lost the bid as it was defeated by a statewide vote of 65 percent in favor of retaining the Capitol in Jefferson City.

Carnegie Library in Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

In 1899, Andrew Carnegie awarded Sedalia a $50,000 grant to construct a new library. Located at 311 West Third Street the new building dedicated in 1901, replacing a smaller library that had been located in the basement of the Pettis County Courthouse.

By the turn of the century, Sedalia boasted a population of 15,231, and four newspapers continued to serve the community, but the city was down to four banks. Building continued at a steady pace with theaters becoming more prominent.

Despite the reform efforts of the Progressive Era of the early 20th century, prostitution continued to thrive in Sedalia, well into the 20th century. At the beginning of the 1900s, the 200 Block of West Main Street was the location of most of Sedalia’s brothels. Prostitution was open, and though condemned by proper folks, was sanctioned by the city prostitutes came into court voluntarily and paid their fines (bribes) so their houses would not be raided. However, arrests of women for “frequenting wine rooms” or “late hours” were made in an attempt to control street walking, and arrests of couples for “lewd conduct” occurred when the woman’s occupation as a prostitute could not be verified.

The Coliseum Building was built in 1906 on the State Fair Grounds in Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

While Sedalia had not been successful in luring the state capital, it was selected as the site of the state fair, having competed with five other cities. The first fair was held in 1901 with more than 17,000 paying visitors attending. A number of buildings were built in the early part of the 20th century, many of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places today.

Soon, cars would be driven along roads all over the country, and livery barns and stables began to convert to garages as autos became more numerous.

More Missouri Pacific shops resulted in a substantial population increase for Sedalia by 1920, at which time the city boasted 21,144 people with about 2000 men working for one of the two railroads.

Missouri-Pacific Railroad Shops in Sedalia, Missouri.

The passage of the Prohibition constitutional amendment in 1919 went into effect in 1920, affecting a number of businesses in and around the central business district, including the Moerschal Brewery and many saloons.

During Prohibition, bootlegging was common, and Sedalia’s prostitutes were involved. A raid by federal agents in August 1925 discovered a bootlegger selling and hiding pints of whiskey at the “dance pavilion” managed by Polly Howe, a well-known madam.” Other aspects of Sedalia’s underworld were thriving during the 1920s including gambling houses and brothels that existed above stores on Main Street.

Sedalia’s second courthouse burned down on in June 1920, destroying the 1884 French Second Empire building, and plans were soon made to construct a new one, which was completed in 1927.

A railroad strike in 1922 shut down the shops in Sedalia and idled 2,500 workers. Following months of negotiations between the workers’ unions and the U.S. Railway Board Relations board, the issues of the strike dealt with contracting out for shop labor, the elimination of overtime pay for Sundays and holidays, and proposed cuts in wages.

Bothwell Hotel in Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

In 1927, Sedalia’s tallest building, the Hotel Bothwell was opened by John H. Bothwell, who recognized the need for a modern, fireproof hotel downtown to serve the increasing number of business travelers and tourists. The seven-story Classical Revival style hotel, built at a cost of $410,000, then served as the center of social and business activity in Sedalia for many years, and today is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. During its heydays, President Harry S. Truman, actress Bette Davis, and actor Clint Eastwood were guests at the hotel. Fully refurbished today, the historic hotel continues to accept guests at 103 E. 4th Street.

The stock market crash of October 1929 and the ensuing Great Depression hit Sedalia hard like the rest of the United States. Within five months, three banks had closed and two others were limiting withdrawals. Three leading bankers killed themselves in quick succession. Employment at the Missouri Pacific shops dropped to 450 people and the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad shops closed and did not reopen until World War II. When the Depression was over, Sedalia claimed to have been the town second hardest hit by the Depression after Gary, Indiana.

By 1940, the town had mostly recovered, had a population of 20,428, and the Missouri Pacific shops were employing over 1,000 men again. However, the Depression had taken a toll on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad, which eventually closed its shops.

The World War II years affected the industry of Sedalia, and the military built Sedalia Glider Base in Johnson County to the west. After the war, this facility was transferred to the Strategic Air Command and was converted to a bomber base now known as Whiteman Air Force Base

The brothels on West Main Street remained a viable part of Sedalia’s economy until the 1930s and 1940s when prostitution moved to a neighborhood north of the railroad tracks. However, the reputation of the West Main Street area remained stained for several years. Local norms maintained up through the 1960s that “a respectable lady was not seen on Main Street after sundown.”

Main Street Buildings in Sedalia, Missouri today by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

In 1940, Sedalia received nationwide recognition for its red-light district when Življenje magazine said that the town had “one of the midland’s most notorious redlight districts.” Despite complaints from the citizens, the churches, and the press, prostitution continued. In fact, leading merchants extended credit to prostitutes, local banks arranged mortgages on bawdy houses, and well-known citizens patronized the brothels. Although the city’s red-light district centered itself north of the Missouri Pacific Railroad tracks during the 1940s and 1950s, prostitution remained a part of Sedalia until the early 1970s.

A major fire in 1943 at the Shryack-Wright Grocery building resulted in a loss of $140,000. Other major landmark buildings lost in the ensuing years included the Kaiser Hotel (last known as the Milner Hotel) and the Sedalia Theater, which dated back to 1905.

With the decline in demand for passenger train service, fueled by the growth of the automotive industry, the last Missouri, Kansas & Texas train passed through Sedalia in May 1958. The historic Katy Depot is the only structure remaining as a reminder of MK&T’s once-extensive passenger operations in the city. However, much of the railroad’s right-of-way through Missouri has been converted to a 240-mile multi-use trail, utilized by bikers, walkers, and horseback riders. It is one of the largest trails developed in the nation among the late 20th-century federal and state “Rails to Trails” projects.

Ohio Street in downtown Sedalia, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Downtown Sedalia, like many other American communities, began to experience a change in retailing in the mid-20th century. Two shopping centers opened and the downtown businesses suffered, causing some to eventually close. The affordability of automobiles led to expansion and development along the city’s two U.S. highways and new manufacturers were drawn in.

Sedalia reached its peak population in 1960 at 23,874. Fires destroyed several significant buildings in the 1960s, including the 1967 fire which destroyed the Terry Hotel (formerly the 1883 Woods Opera House)

In 1974, the Missouri State Fairgrounds was utilized to host the Ozark Music Festival, one of the largest but least remembered major music festivals of the 1970s. While the plan was for the pop/rock/bluegrass festival to sell about 50,000 tickets, an influx of about 184,000 fans and many rock bands strained the capacity of the fairgrounds and the city. Some estimates put the crowd count at 350,000, not far from the 400,000 spectators who attended the famous Woodstock music event in New York in 1969. Counting as one of the largest Rock Festivals in history, it was hosted by well-known radio personality Wolfman Jack.

Pettis County Courthouse in Sedalia, Kansas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Today, Sedalia is a thriving community of almost 22,000 with numerous businesses, including a number of manufacturing companies, a two-year college, and numerous historic buildings that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Missouri State Fair continues to welcome nearly 400,000 visitors every August and the city hosts the annual Scott Joplin Festival each year in early June, as well as other various events throughout the year.

Sedalia is located in west-central Missouri about 90 miles east of Kansas City and 190 miles west of St. Louis.


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